Central Digital Repository For Ayushman Bharat Health Data

The web portal, named India Health Portal, is supposed to be a multi-lingual national portal. With a minimalistic design, the online platforms will be interoperable and have open APIs. Moreover, the blueprint also includes apps for medical education, emergency healthcare, public healths, and wellness.

However, the central government is discussing the creation of National Digital Health Mission (NDHM), a central digital repository for all the data coming under the health insurance scheme Ayushman Bharat. A committee, constituted under the former Secretary and Chairman of Unique Identification Authority of India. NDHM should have a governing council and a board of directors to regulate its functions.

The committee has done a comparative analysis of existing organisations to understand their institutional framework. Further, the NDHM aims to study and derive inspiration from international online health systems for its creation. The formation of an organisation, titled the National Digital Health Mission, is proposed.

Ayushman Bharat health data

Thus the key features of the blueprint include a Federated Architecture, a set of architectural principles, a 5 layered system of architectural building blocks, Unique Health ID (UHID); privacy and consent management, national portability, EHR, applicable standards and regulations, and health analytics.

Some proposing provisions under the NDHM include integrating healthy services at a single point; (though multiple agencies, departments or services providers are involving) and convenient access to  records for citizens. Moreover, the NDHM shall assure a continuum of care to citizens, across primary, secondary and tertiary care and across public and private service providers. Some potential challenges that have been outlined are low user control, high technical and legal complexity, centralised risk and liability, and potential abuse.

Portal based on international standards

In order to increase accessibility, NDHB will also use social media platforms; call centres, MyHealth app, and a web portal based on international standards. The proposed infrastructure includes clouds and secure health networks. According to the committee’s recommendations, NDHM should have a governing council and a board of directors to regulate its functions. It should also be a government-owned body with a mission to provide access to digital health service to every Indian.

But the clouds will be building in partnership with the Government Community Cloud with stronger security and privacy policies. However, an online signature service, e-Sign, will enable citizens to sign documents digitally. The formation of an organisation, titled the National Digital Health Mission, is proposing. According to the committee’s recommendations, NDHM should have a governing council and a board of directors to regulate its functions.