The study find that the Likewise, the group’s hypothesis held, learning multiple new skills in an encouraging environment in older adulthood leads to cognitive growth. The prize: maintaining independence in old age. Building on lifelong learning research, previous studies have demonstrated the cognitive gains of older people learning new skills; such as photography or acting. But these skills are learn one at a time; or sequentially.

Environment in older adulthood

For Wu’s studies, the researchers asked adults 58 to 86 years old to simultaneously take three to five classes for three months—about 15 hours per week; similar to an undergraduate course load. The classes included Spanish; learning to use an iPad, photography, drawing/painting, and music composition.

The participants completed cognitive assessments before, during, and after the studies to gauge working memory (such as remembering a phone number for a few minutes); cognitive control (which is switching between tasks) and episodic memory (such as remembering where you’ve parked). Cognition is the scientific term for “the process of thought”. Its usage varies in different ways in accord with different disciplines: For example; in psychology and cognitive science it refers to an information processing view of an individual’s psychological functions.

Individual’s psychological functions

Other interpretations of the meaning of cognition link it to the development of concepts; individual minds; groups, organizations, and even larger coalitions of entities, can be modelled as “societies” (Society of Mind), which cooperate to form concepts. The autonomous elements of each ‘society’ would have the opportunity to demonstrate emergent behavior in the face of some crisis or opportunity. Cognition can also be interpreted as “understanding and trying to make sense of the world”.

After just 1 ½ months, participants increased their cognitive abilities to levels similar to those of middle-aged adults; 30 years younger. Control group members; who did not take classes, showed no change in their performance. “The participants in the intervention bridged a 30 year difference in cognitive abilities after just 6 weeks and maintained these abilities while learning multiple new skills,” said Wu; who is an assistant professor of psychology.

Change in their performance

“The take-home message is that older adults can learn multiple new skills at the same time, and doing so may improve their cognitive functioning,” Wu said. “The studies provide evidence that intense learning experiences akin to those faced by younger populations are possible in older populations, and may facilitate gains in cognitive abilities.” UCR psychologist Rachel Wu says one important way of staving off cognitive decline is learning new skills as a child would. That is, be a sponge: seek new skills to learn; maintain motivation as fuel; rely on encouraging mentors to guide you; thrive in an environment where the bar is set high.