General surgery

The researches find that the video-assisted thoracic surgery is associated with lower in-hospital complications and shorter length of stay compared with open surgery among British patients who were diagnosed at an early stage of lung cancer, according to research presented today the IASLC 2019 World Conference on Lung Cancer, hosted by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer. But Video-assist thoracoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive surgical technique use to diagnose and treat problems in the chest and lungs using small incisions.

Video-assisted thoracic surgery

A small camera transmits images of the inside of the chest onto a video monitor; guiding the surgeon in performing the procedure. Open is achieved through a long cut in the chest and the ribs are spread open with the surgeon operating through direct vision into the chest. A lobectomy for lung cancer can be achieve by either approach which involves removing one lobe of lung from either the right or left side of the chest. Therefore The National Institute of Healthcare ;Research funded the trial, called VIOLET; because there was limited information comparing a VATS procedure with open for lobectomy among lung cancer patients.

Eric Lim, M.D. from Royal Brompton Hospital, London/United Kingdom randomized 503 lung cancer patients at nine surgery centers in the United Kingdom. The average age of the patients was 69 years and 49.5% were male and 50.5% female. Surgery (from the Greek: χειρουργική cheirourgikē; via Latin: chirurgiae, meaning “hand work”); is a medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate and/or treat a pathological condition such as disease or injury; to help improve bodily function or appearance, or sometimes for some other reason.

Manual and instrumental techniques

An act of performing surgery may be call a surgical procedure; operation, or simply. In this context, the verb operating means performing surgery. The adjective surgical means pertaining to surgery; e.g. surgical instruments or surgical nurse. The patient or subject on which the surgery is perform can be a person or an animal. A surgeon is a person who performs operations on patients.

After randomization; Lim and his researchers found that patients who received VATS had a significant reduction of overall in-hospital complications (32.8%) compared to patients who received open surgery (44.3%). Additionally; patients randomize to VATS stay in the hospital one day less than patients who are give open surgery. Because “The VIOLET Trial is the largest randomize trial conduct to date to compare clinical efficacy; safety and oncologic outcomes of VATS versus open surgery for lung cancer;” said Lim. “The study achieve its positive results without any compromise to early oncologic outcomes pathologic complete resection and upstaging of mediastinal lymph nodes.”