General surgery

Surgery (from the Greek: χειρουργική cheirourgikē, via Latin: chirurgiae; meaning “hand work”) is a medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate and/or treat a pathological condition such as disease or injury; to help improve bodily function or appearance, or sometimes for some other reason. An act of performing surgery  call a surgical procedure, operation; or simply surgery.

Uses operative manual

In this context, the verb operating means performing surgery. The adjective surgical means pertaining to surgery; e.g. surgical instruments or surgical nurse. The patient or subject on which the surgery is perform  a person or an animal. gastric bypass surgery are significantly more likely to have remission of both type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure; compared to adults who had the same procedure.

Results are from an NIH-funded study comparing outcomes in the two groups five years after surgery. Previously, no treatment has shown longer-term effectiveness at reversing type 2 diabetes in youth; which tends to advance more quickly than in adults. surgery at clinical centers participating in Teen-LABS (Teen-Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery) and its adult counterpart; LABS. Teens in the study are under 19 years old at the time of surgery, and adults in the study report having obesity by age 18.

Five years after surgery

Teen-LABS clinical centers had specialized experience in the surgical evaluation and management of young people with severe obesity, and both studies were funded primarily by NIH’s National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). The results were published in The New England Journal of Medicine.

“Obesity increases the risk for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, and these conditions can be more difficult to manage in young people;” said Mary Evans, Ph.D., a study author and program director in the NIDDK Division of Digestive Diseases and Nutrition. They find earlier bariatric surgery in carefully selected youth may have greater benefits compared to waiting until later in life.

The risk for type 2 diabetes

” Teens were also more likely to have low iron and vitamin D levels, potentially because teens may be less likely to take enough vitamin and mineral supplements after surgery. There was a similar death rate for both teens and adults five years after surgery, including two people from the teen group who died from overdose. There is an overall increasing trend of drug overdose deaths in the U.S., and a previous LABS study find an increase risk of substance and alcohol use disorders after bariatric surgery in adults.