General medicine

The study find that the a natural ingredient resveratrol could help prevent muscle atrophy due to zero gravity says a report in the Frontiers in Physiology. Therefore The study is titled; “A Moderate Daily Dose of Resveratrol Mitigates Muscle Deconditioning in a Martian Gravity Analog;” and was from the Department of Neurology and Center for Advanced Orthopaedic Studies Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center; Harvard Medical School; Boston, MA, United States.

Grapes and blueberries

According to researchers from the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC), grape skin, red wine and blueberries contain the naturally occurring ingredient called the resveratrol. Because The team wrote; “Resveratrol (RSV); a polyphenol most commonly found in grapes and blueberries; has been extensively investigated for its health benefits; including its anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative; and anti-diabetic effects. RSV has also been shown to preserve bone and muscle mass.”

Resveratrol can preserve muscle activity and function and reduce the risk of muscle atrophy which is common in zero-gravity and micro gravity situations Grapes like on space missions and on Mars respectively. The researchers explain that Mars has a 40% gravitational pull compared to Earth and this may cause muscles of the astronauts to atrophy or alter. To maintain the health of their musculoskeletal system; the team would need to take diets with resveratrol, the researchers wrote.

The risk of muscle atrophy

Space flights lead to atmospheres of zero gravity as well write the researchers. This leads to muscle atrophy with lack of use. The scientists add that over the last fifty years of space missions; astronauts have lost up to 20% of their muscle mass due to space flights of less than two weeks duration. To prevent such atrophy; the astronauts have to remember to exercise each of their muscles each day regularly for several hours while on space.

Even after their return, they may require physical rehabilitation to prevent further damage to their muscles and restoration of their muscle bulks. The idea for this new research came from the fact if a dietary component could help preserve the muscle mass and function during space missions. Senior author of the study Seward B.

Antioxidant and anti-diabetic

Rutkove, MD, Chief of the Division of Neuromuscular Disease in the Department of Neurology at BIDMC said; “Resveratrol has been extensively studied for its health benefits, including its anti-inflammatory; antioxidant and anti-diabetic effects. ” He added; “Resveratrol has also been shown to preserve bone and muscle loss; however there’s a lack of research regarding its effects on the musculoskeletal system in partial gravity. We hypothesized that a moderate daily dose would help mitigate muscle deconditioning under conditions that replicate the partial gravity on Mars.”