Gastroenterology

The researches find that the patients with undiagnosed prediabetes are told that they are at high risk for diabetes, according to a study published in the July issue of Clinical Diabetes. Arch G. Mainous, Ph.D., from the University of Florida in Gainesville, and colleagues analyzed data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2015 to 2016) to identify previously undiagnosed participants who were diagnosed with prediabetes or borderline diabetes as a result of a study-related examination.

High risk for diabetes

The researchers found that of the 4,538 participants, 25% had laboratory glucose results meeting the criteria for a prediabetes diagnosis. Of these, 75.4% were unaware that they had the condition. Among those with undiagnosed prediabetes; 30.5% believed that they were at increased risk of diabetes; but only 12.8% of them report being tell by a health care provider of their increase risk. Therefore Independent predictors of higher perception of diabetes risk included having been tell by a health care provider (odds ratio [OR], 7.00); having a family history of diabetes (OR, 4.48); being younger (defined as 20 to 44 years old; OR, 3.03), and having been tell by a health care provider that they are overweight (OR, 1.85).

“Diabetes prevention requires improved patient-centered care, which begins with the delivery of adequate information to patients;” the authors write. Diabetes mellitus often referred to simply as diabetes’s a disease in which the body does not produce  enough, or properly respond to; insulin, a hormone produced in the pancreas. Insulin is need to turn sugar and other food into energy. In diabetes, the body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t use its own insulin as well as it should; or both. This causes sugar to accumulate in the blood, often leading to various complications.

Hormone produced in the pancreas

The American Diabetes Association reported in 2009 that there are 23.6 million children and adults in the United States 7.8% of the population, who have diabetes. While an estimate 17.9 million in the US alone have been diagnose with diabetes; nearly one in four (5.7 million) diabetics are unaware that they have the disease. Many types of diabetes are recognize: The principal three are:

All forms of diabetes have been treatable since insulin became medically available in 1921, but there is no cure for the common types except a pancreas transplant; but although gestational diabetes usually resolves after delivery. Therefore  Diabetes and its treatments can cause many complications. Acute complications including hypoglycemia, diabetic ketoacidosis, or nonketotic hyperosmolar coma may occur if the disease is not adequately controlled. Because Serious long-term complications include cardiovascular disease, chronic renal failure; Because retinal damage, which can lead to blindness, several types of nerve damage, and microvascular damage, which may cause erectile dysfunction and poor wound healing.