As the US nutritional and dietary supplements market remains robust, an estimated $41.1 billion in sales in 2016 the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics is cautioning against the routine and indiscriminate use of these dietary add-ons.
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Two genes normally work together to suppress the development of colon cancer. Their combined loss favors tumorigenesis and stimulates the formation of metastases. Colon cancers can be successfully treated by surgical resection if the illness is already diagnosed after the appearance of the primary tumor.
The most comprehensive genome-wide association study, or GWAS, of colorectal cancer risk to date, published today in Nature Genetics, has discovered 40 new genetic variants and validated 55 previously identified variants that signal an increased risk of colon cancer.
Alcohol consumption cutoffs are unreliable in the setting of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery, researchers report. "Because RYGB changes the way that alcohol is metabolized and experienced, such that alcohol has a stronger effect post-surgery, we hypothesized that the best alcohol frequency and quantity cutoffs for identifying alcohol problems would be lower among post-surgery patients," said Dr. Wendy C. King from University of Pittsburgh
Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening with fecal occult blood tests (FOBTs) improves outcomes in men moreso than women, and especially in men with left-sided tumors, say Finnish researchers.
It can take up to a year for some bowel cancer patients in the UK to start treatment, according to international research co-ordinated by Cancer Research UK and published in BMJ Open. Researchers found that it took a year or more from first spotting a symptom to beginning treatment for 10% of patients in England, Northern Ireland, and Wales.
Fluorescent imaging with indocyanine green (ICG) can effectively guide lymphadenectomy in patients being operated on for gastric cancer, according to Korean researchers. Dr. Woo Jin Hyung of Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, and colleagues enrolled 40 patients who underwent endoscopic peritumoral injection of ICG to the submucosal layer one day before robotic gastrectomy.
Children with gastroenteritis who receive probiotics have no better clinical outcomes than those who receive placebo, according to two studies published online November 21 in the New England Journal of Medicine.
University of Minnesota Medical School researchers have made a discovery which could lead to a new way of thinking about how disease pathogenesis in the liver is regulated, which is important for understanding the condition nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which is incredibly common and growing.