A meta-analysis was conduct to examine whether specialize psychological offense treatments were with reductions in offense specific and non-offense specific recidivism. Staff and treatment program moderators were also explore. The review examined 68 studies and 55,604 individuals who had offend. Three specialized treatments were examine: sexual offense, domestic violence, and general violence programs
Sexual and domestic violence
The first-of-its-kind study has find that specialize psychological programmes for sexual and domestic violence offenders have led to major reductions in reoffending but best results are achieve with consistent input from a qualify psychologist. For the study, which was led by Professor Theresa Gannon at the University of Kent; a team of psychologists from the UK and Canada review 70 previous studies and 55,000 individual offenders from five countries to examine; so whether specialize psychological offence treatments were associate with reductions in recidivism.
Three specialize treatments were examined: sexual offence, domestic violence and general violence programmes; with the first two comprising the majority of specialized psychological program offer in correctional and community settings. The study show that, across all programmes; offence specific reoffending was 13.4% for treat individuals and 19.4% for untreated comparisons over an average follow up of 66 months.
Relative reductions in offence specific reoffending were 32.6% for sexual offence programmes; 36% for domestic violence programmes, and 24.3% for general violence programmes. All programmes were also with significant reductions in non offence specific reoffending. However, overall, treatment effectiveness appear improve when programmes receive consistent hands on input from a qualify register psychologist and facilitating staff were provide with clinical supervision.
Inappropriate sexual arousal
For sexual offenders, specific group base treatment; rather than mix group and individual treatment; produce the greatest reductions in sexual reoffending as did treatment that focus specifically on reducing inappropriate sexual arousal. All sexual offence treatment in these studies was Cognitive Behavioural Therapy.
Amongst its recommendations, the study suggests that policy makers and offender programme providers might optimise programmes outcomes by providing qualify psychologists who are consistently present in hands on treatment. It also suggests that programme providers might also want to consider methods for tightly controlling programme implementation give; so that the researchers found single site treatments seem to fare better than multisite treatments.
Professor Gannon, a charter forensic psychologist and Director of Kent’s Centre of Research and Education in Forensic Psychology, said: ‘The results of this study are good news. They suggest that treatment can be effective; particularly if care and attention is pay to who delivers the treatment as well as how treatment is implement.