Vaccination Against Infectious Disease

As vaccination has become a principal public health response to the growing number of contagious diseases that infect the worlds’ population. Following the highly-publicized 2014 outbreak of Ebola in Africa and anticipating the possibility of a future Ebola outbreak in the United States.

Vaccination is the primary public health response to the growing number of infectious diseases that infect the world’s population. At the same time, a growing anti-vax movement has spawned a small but vocal faction of the population, spreading hesitancy despite widespread evidence of vaccine efficacy and safety.

Vaccination against infections

A random sample of 1,018 adults if they would take an anti-Ebola vaccination if and when it became available. About half of the participants reported that they would, while half expressed hesitation or refusal, even if vaccination services for Ebola were available to them.

TFacing a raising number of epidemics that create public health dangers; our findings indicate that vaccine hesitancy is associating with social factors that are independent of the perceiving effectiveness of vaccines. The factors contributing to vaccination receptivity vs hesitation.

They finding that three factors primarily influencing receptivity; a general fear orientation; trust in government to contain a crisis; and the relative chance of being exposing to the pathogen. Willingness to take vaccination is positively associating with a generalizing sense of fear.

Potential Ebola outbreak

However, trust in the government’s ability to control an outbreak of the disease; and expectation of a potential Ebola outbreak that is imminent and proximate. People who expressed confidence in the US government’s ability to prevent an Ebola outbreak; were much more willing to take the anti-Ebola vaccine than individuals; who lacked confidence in the government to do so.

The reluctance or refusal to be vaccinated or to have one’s children vaccinated; was identified by the World Health Organization as one of the top ten global health threats of 2019. Understanding the factors that contribute to vaccination compliance or hesitancy is vital for controlling disease outbreaks.