The study reporting an outbreak of malaria has killing over 4,000 people in Burundi; which showing an a death toll rivalling a deadly Ebola outbreak in neighbouring Democratic Republic of Congo. This showing a dramatic rise over the 700 victims the government announcing. Of those cases, a total of 1,801 died from the mosquito-born disease in Burundi.
The outbreak is the latest crisis for Burundi, which has been wracked by deadly political violence since 2015 and faces food shortages that the U.N. saying have left nearly one in 10 people severely food insecure. The tiny country of 11 million people in the African Great Lakes region has still not declared a national emergency. The national malaria outbreak response plan, which is currently being validated; has highlighted a lack of human, logistical and financial resources for effective response.
Outbreak of malaria
Hundreds have been killing; and more than 380,000 Burundians have fled into neighboring countries. All stakeholders, including the national authorities; and partners are called upon to provide the requisite resources to mount a robust response to this event before it escalates. A lack of preventative measures like mosquito nets; climatic changes and increasing movements of people from mountain areas with low immunity to malaria were driving the crisis.
Malaria is a disease causing by a parasite. The parasite is transmitting to humans through the bites of infected mosquitoes. People who have malaria usually feel very sick; with a high fever and shaking chills. Each year, approximately 210 million people are infecting with malaria; and about 440,000 people die from the disease. Most of the people who die from the disease are young children in Africa.
Bites of infected mosquitoes
However, the country declared a malaria epidemic in March 2017; when the country had recorded 1.8 million cases and 700 deaths, but was resisting doing the same now. A senior government official, who declining to be naming, saying the government did not want to admit weakness with elections set for 2020. Burundi has been in crisis since 2015; when Nkurunziza ran for a third term and was re-electing in elections boycotted by most of the opposition.
But the UN investigators saying in July that drastic steps were needing to boost democratic freedoms in Burundi; if the government want the elections to be considering credible. Burundi, one of the poorest countries in the region, abuts DR Congo; where the second-worst Ebola outbreak in history has killed more than 1,800 people amid fears the infectious fever could spread beyond its borders.