All news from Epidemiology

Vaccine

New Vaccine Against Deadly Middle East Respiratory Syndrome

A collaborative team from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Saudi Arabia and Canada developed a potent and safe vaccine that protects against the deadly Middle East respiratory syndrome, or MERS. The findings recently were published in The Journal of Infectious Diseases. MERS was first identified when someone died from the viral infection in…

Epidemic

The DRC's Ebola Outbreak

It’s been eight months since the start of the current Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). By the beginning of April, almost 700 people have succumbed to the disease, making this the second worst Ebola outbreak ever recorded. It’s second only to the West Africa outbreak of 2013 to 2016 that claimed more than 11…

Epidemiology

NYC Orders Mandatory Vaccines: For Some Amid Measles Outbreak

New York City declared a public health emergency over a measles outbreak; centered in an ultra-Orthodox Jewish community and ordered mandatory vaccinations in the neighborhood. Mayor Bill de Blasio announced the unusual order amid; what he said was a measles crisis in Brooklyn’s Williamsburg section; where more than 250 people have gotten measles; since September.…

Outbreak

Australia Ramps Up: Measles Warnings As Cases Jump

Measles is a highly contagious infectious disease; caused by the measles virus. Symptoms usually develop 10–12 days after exposure to an infected person and last 7–10 days. Initial symptoms typically include fever, often greater than 40 °C (104 °F), cough, runny nose, and inflamed eyes. Small white spots known as Koplik’s spots may form inside the mouth…

Vaccine

Measles Outbreak: Spotlights Vaccine Religious Exemptions

Patricia Schnabel Ruppert, the health commissioner of an outlying New York suburban county, is feeling; “overwhelmed.” Since October she has; been waging an uphill fight to quell one of the worst US measles outbreaks in 20 years. Among her daily battles: having to constantly repeat that the vaccine does not cause other diseases; that it…

Outbreak

Guinea Pigs Cured of Ebola with Antibodies

The Ebola virus outbreak of 2014 in West Africa caused more than 11,000 deaths. At the time, scientists were working on several experimental vaccines and treatments but none were; licensed for use in humans. Antibodies, which are special defence proteins; made by our body in response to infection or vaccination; are one of the treatments that…

Outbreak

Tackle Ebola and Other Deadly Infections

Medical Research Council scientists have isolated therapeutic antibodies; from healthy volunteers exposed to the Ebola vaccine; but not Ebola virus itself; suggesting that protective therapies; could be developed from people; who are disease-free. The researchers, from the MRC Human Immunology Unit at the University of Oxford; say their findings could apply to other infectious diseases…

Epidemiology

New Ebola Virus, Found in Bats

A recently discovered species of ebolavirus may be more widespread; than previously thought and could be hosted by a particular bat species; according to findings published by a University of Arkansas biologist. The ebolavirus species, named Bombali; is one of two currently; not known to infect humans. Kristian Forbes, assistant professor of biology; along with…

Epidemic

Hedgehogs Connected to The Outbreak of Salmonella

There has been a Salmonella outbreak across states in the United States and federal health officials have found that pet hedgehogs; linked to some of these cases. According to the officials, six new cases from three states including Virginia, over the last couple of months have been associated with these pet animals. Across 11 states…

Outbreak

Medical Workers Behave Badly During Disease Outbreaks

When a deadly infectious disease takes hold in a population; outbreak responders do their best to save lives and stamp out the contagion. No matter the disease or the location; whether AIDS in the U.S., SARS in China; or cholera in Yemen or Haiti; the public narrative of an outbreak often unfolds in a familiar…

Epidemic

Health Worker Mistrust Worsening DR Congo Ebola Outbreak

Hearsay and mistrust in health workers may have thwarted attempts; to contain Ebola during the current outbreak of the deadly disease; in the Democratic Republic of Congo, researchers said. More than 1,000 people are now known to have been infected during the eight-month-old epidemic; almost two-thirds of whom have died; according to the country’s health…

Outbreak

Biomechanics Of Ebola Virus-host Cell Adhesion

It was recently reported that the number of Ebola cases in the Democratic Republic of Congo has surpassed 1,000, making it the second-worst outbreak in history after the 2014 outbreak in West Africa in which 29,000 people were infected and more than 11,000 died. This latest milestone is a stark reminder of the urgent need…