All news from Epidemiology

Outbreak

Changing Climate May Affect: Animal-to-human Disease Transfer

Climate change could affect occurrences of diseases like bird-flu and Ebola, with environmental factors playing a larger role than previously understood in animal-to-human disease transfer. However, researchers from The University of Queensland and Swansea University have been looking at how different environments provide opportunities for animal-to-human diseases — known as zoonotic diseases — to interact…

Epidemic

Measles Outbreak in Pacific Northwest Over

A measles outbreak that sickened more than 70 people, mostly children, in the Pacific Northwest is finally over even as the total number of cases nationwide continues to spike to near-record levels. Six weeks have passed without a new infection in southwest Washington state, where the outbreak began, said Dr. Alan Melnick, head of the…

on the rise across Europe

Gonorrhoea Cases on The Rise Across Europe

Following a decline in notification rates in 2016, the number of gonorrhoea cases; has gone up by 17% across the reporting EU/EEA countries; with more than 89,000 confirmed diagnoses in 2017; — more than 240 cases a day. The 2017 increase follows; the overall trend over the last decade during which 20 of the 28…

severe disease in humans

Ebolavirus May Not Cause Severe Disease in Humans

The potential of the Bombali virus, a novel Ebolavirus, to cause disease in humans remains unknown. We have previously identified potential determinants of Ebolavirus pathogenicity; in humans by analysing the amino acid positions; that are differentially; conserved between human pathogenic Ebolaviruses; and the non-pathogenic Reston virus. Here, we include the many Ebolavirus genome sequences; that…

Epidemic

South Sudan Measles Outbreak: Raises Questions about Vaccines

Despondent, Akon Mathiong points to two small mounds of dirt where she buried her grandsons, 4 and 5 years old, last month. They died after contracting measles in one of the worst-hit areas of South Sudan’s latest outbreak. “Every time I see the graves I feel like crying,” Mathiong said. The family said the boys…

Outbreak

New Bombali Ebolavirus Found in Kenyan Bat

Researchers have identified Bombali ebolavirus in an Angolan free-tailed bat captured in the Taita Hills, southeast Kenya. No ebolaviruses have been; previously reported from wildlife in countries along the east coast of Africa. There is no current evidence; that Bombali ebolavirus infects people. Until recently, five ebolavirus species were; known, with three of these —…

Epidemic

More Severe Salmonella Outbreaks Ahead

Australia has more salmonella outbreaks than any other country in the world, with the number of cases doubling over the last decade. Over the past month alone, there have been numerous reports of the salmonella pathogen infecting eggs, leading to vast recalls of products and sparking calls from experts for more stringent hygiene practices. In…

Epidemic

Anxiety 'Epidemic' Brewing on College Campuses

The number of 18- to 26-year-old students who report suffering from anxiety disorder has doubled since 2008; perhaps as a result of rising financial stress and increased time spent on digital devices; according to preliminary findings released by a team of UC Berkeley researchers. The percentage of all students nationally who reported being; diagnosed with…

Outbreak

Congo's President Wants Ebola Contained within 3 Months

Ebola virus disease (EVD); also known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) or simply Ebola; is a viral hemorrhagic fever of humans; and other primates caused by ebola viruses. Signs and symptoms typically start between two days; and three weeks after contracting the virus; with a fever, sore throat, muscular pain, and headaches. Vomiting, diarrhea and rash…

Epidemic

2017 Pneumonic Plague Outbreak in Madagascar

Plague is an endemic disease in Madagascar. Each year there is a seasonal upsurge between September and April, especially in the Central Highlands, which stand at an elevation of more than 800m. In 2017, an unprecedented pneumonic plague outbreak hit the main island, primarily affecting the capital Antananarivo and the main port city of Toamasina.Scientists…

Outbreak

Universal Standards of Care to Ebola Virus Disease

LSTM’s Senior Clinical Lecturer, Dr Shevin Jacob is corresponding author on a perspective piece published in the New England Journal of Medicine calling for universal standards of care to be applied in relation to Ebola Virus Disease (EVD). The paper comes during an ongoing outbreak of EVD in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), its 10th…

Outbreak

Prompt Medical Advice If They Suspect Rabies Exposure

There is only a short window of opportunity to seek medical help before rabies becomes almost invariably fatal, but people wait an average of 10 days before seeking medical advice following exposure to potentially rabid animals overseas, according to new research being presented at this year’s European Congress of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases (ECCMID)…