All news from Epidemiology

Insect Breakthrough Technique Eradicates Mosquitoes

Insect Breakthrough Technique Eradicates Mosquitoes

Study demonstrating the potential of a potent new tool; breakthrough technique harnessing two methods to target disease carrying mosquitoes was able to effectively eradicate buzzing biters. The mosquitoes targeting are a type that is particularly difficult to control called Aedes albopictus more popularly known as the Asian tiger mosquito which are a major vector for diseases…

Detection Of Measles Cases Outbreak

Detection Of Measles Cases Outbreak

Measles is a highly contagious infectious disease caused by the measles virus. The United States declared the measles eliminated, thanks to widespread use of vaccines. But the virulent disease is back; with more than 1,000 cases confirmed nationwide. By using the basic techniques in place for over 100 years; public health investigators work to control an outbreak before it…

Zoster Vaccine Prevents Outbreaks Among Stem Cell Transplant Patients

Zoster Vaccine Prevents Outbreaks Among Stem Cell Transplant Patients

Herpes zoster, a frequent complication following autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT); is associating with significant morbidity. The vaccine appears to offer protection from one of the most common and painful side effects of cell therapy; and showing promise for patients with immune-compromising conditions. A newer form of shingles vaccine reducing outbreaks of the painful…

Characterisation Of Infectious Ebola Virus

Characterisation Of Infectious Ebola Virus

Ebola virus disease (EVD), also known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) or simply Ebola; is a viral hemorrhagic fever of humans and other primates caused by ebolaviruses. Viruses of the genus Ebolavirus cause sporadic outbreaks of severe haemorrhagic fever; with case fatality of up to 90%. Responding to any filovirus outbreak is challenging and requires a…

The Zika Virus Outbreaks In Brazil

The Zika Virus Outbreaks In Brazil

Zika virus is an arbovirus in the family of Flaviviridae; and is transmitting through the bites of mosquito vectors (usually of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes). The outbreaks study reporting that Zika virus infection in pregnant women is also to be associating with; among other medical complications; microcephaly in their infants and sometimes even fetal deaths. But the…

Zika Virus Cases Epidemic In Cuba

Zika Virus Cases Epidemic In Cuba

Zika virus (ZIKV) is a member of the virus family Flaviviridae; it is spreading by daytime-active Aedes mosquitoes, such as A. aegypti and A. albopictus. Zika virus spread throughout Latin America between 2015 and 2016, followed by a decrease in the number of new cases. Cuba, however, was one of the last countries to report cases; the first autochthonous case was confirming in…

Food Poisoning Outbreak In Dewachefa Woreda

Food Poisoning Outbreak In Dewachefa Woreda

Food poisoning is an acute illness with recent consumption of contamining food or water; It can be infectious or noninfectious. Infectious poisoning is causing by eating foods or water contaminating by bacteria, viruses, parasites or their toxins. The most common symptoms of poisoning are nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps and diarrhea. Other symptoms that may occur…

Acute Gastroenteritis Outbreak Caused By Group B Rotavirus

Acute Gastroenteritis Outbreak Caused By Group B Rotavirus

Gastroenteritis also known as infectious diarrhea, is inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract the stomach and small intestine; Symptoms may include diarrhea, vomiting and abdominal pain. Fever, lack of energy and dehydration may also occur. The enteric viruses associating with acute gastroenteritis; include rotavirus A, rotavirus B, rotavirus C, Caliciviruses; enteric adenovirus, human astroviruses, aichiviruses, toroviruses, coronaviruses, picobirnaviruses, enteroviruses, and Sali/Klassi viruses. Globally, RVA is the main cause of…

Norovirus Outbreak In Portuguese Lisbon Region

Norovirus Outbreak In Portuguese Lisbon Region

A norovirus probable acute gastrointestinal illness; case was defining as a soldier who experiencing acute diarrhoea or presented vomiting; Norovirus gastroenteritis outbreaks frequently occurs in communities; and institutional settings acquiring a particular significance in arming force where prompt reporting is critical. Norovirus outbreaks have also been describing in the Portuguese army; either in stationing forces…

Invasive Candida Infections Outbreak

Invasive Candida Infections Outbreak

Candida species are commensals of the human gastrointestinal microbiota and skin; but may translocate to the bloodstream and causing life threatening infections. Invasive Candida infections (ICI) is an increasing threat to patients in the ICU; patients undergoing complicating or repeating gastrointestinal surgery; and for immuno compromised patients, e.g., cancer patients, or recipients of solid organ…

Vitamin A Reducing Mortality In Patients With Ebola Virus Disease

Vitamin A Reducing Mortality In Patients With Ebola Virus Disease

Micronutrient supplementation is a primary part of supportive care of EVD; and treatment guidelines for viral hemorrhagic fevers recommending supplementation; when micronutrient deficiencies are present. Micronutrient supplementation including vitamin A; which has well establishing immunological impacts in infectious disease states. But vitamin A is essential for both innate and adaptive immune functions; and is integral…

Cryptosporidiosis

Cryptosporidiosis Outbreak Linked To Common Source By Location

Cryptosporidium is a parasite that causes cryptosporidiosis, a profuse; watery diarrhea that can last up to 3 weeks in immunocompetent patients and can lead to life-threatening malnutrition and wasting in immunocompromised patients.* Fecal-oral transmission can occur by ingestion of contaminated recreational water; drinking water, or food, or through contact with infected persons or animals. Prevention…