Signs of Zika infection can be seen in semen for as long as nine months, but the risk of sexual transmission appears to end in one month, according to a study published Wednesday. The study suggests health officials have been overly cautious in advising couples to abstain from sex or to use condoms for at least six months after a male partner comes down with Zika. The study was published online in the New England Journal of Medicine.
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UCLA-led research finds that internet search terms and tweets related to sexual risk behaviors can predict when and where syphilis trends will occur.
Preprints — scientific manuscripts that are posted at a recognized online repository before peer review — have the potential to speed up the reporting of scientific research in infectious disease outbreaks, argue Michael Johansson and colleagues in an Essay in PLOS Medicine: "The scientific community should not ask why preprints are posted during outbreaks, we should ask why they are not posted…."
Pregnant women with anaemia are twice as likely to die during or shortly after pregnancy compared to those without the condition, according to a major international study led by Queen Mary University of London of over 300,000 women across 29 countries.
According to a study, the researcher estimated the total cost of diagnosed diabetes in 2017 was $327 billion, including $237 billion in direct medical costs. The study was published in Diabetes Care. To quantify the increased health resource use and lost productivity associated with diabetes in 2017.
Food insecurity is prevalent even in the older adults with private-sector healthcare coverage. System-level interventions would be necessary to connect the older adults with community-based food resources.
In the hot, dry border region between northern and central Iraq, Leishmania parasite infections are so common that they have been dubbed 'Baghdad sores.' Now, for the first time, researchers have studied the prevalence of different Leishmania species and strains in the region. Most cases of leishmaniasis in Iraq, they report this week in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, match an Iranian strain.
Every year in the world, 4 million children die before the age of one, mainly in resource-limited countries, one-third of them due to a severe infection. The neonatal period alone (first month of life) accounts for one-third of deaths before the age of one. This situation is all the more complex in a context of the ever-increasing emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
In 2012, the Institut Pasteur and Institut Pasteur de Madagascar initiated the BIRDY program with the aim of documenting neonatal infections in the community and assessing the state of antibiotic resistance.
Heroin is worse than other drugs because people inject it much sooner, potentially resulting in increased risk of injection-related epidemics such as hepatitis C and HIV, a Keck School of Medicine of USC study shows.
According to this study, researchers examined a three-fold increase in the elderly population of the world by the year 2050 has made hearing impairment (HI) the third most common disability in the elderly according to the statistics of the WHO. Moreover, the prevalence of HI has been on the rise in all age groups across the world.
In just two years, the powerful opioid fentanyl went from nonexistent to detected in more than 1 in 7 stamp bags analyzed by the Allegheny County Office of the Medical Examiner, according to an analysis led by the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health.
A new study published in the journal of JAMA Psychiatry revealed that rate of psychosis varies widely across the globe. Rates can be close to eight times higher in some regions compared to others, finds a new study led by researchers at UCL, King’s College London and the University of Cambridge.