All news from Epidemiology

Rise in Mortality Risks with Social Isolation, Study

A large study links social isolation with a higher risk of death from all causes combined and heart disease for all races studied, and with increased cancer mortality in white men and women. The study, appearing in the  American Journal of Epidemiology, says addressing social isolation holds promise if studies show interventions are effective, as they could be relatively simple and could influence other risk factors, as social isolation is also associated with hypertension, inflammation, physical inactivity, smoking, and other health risks.

AIDS: Innovation Can Help End Epidemic by 2030

A United Nations initiative backed by global experts has set its sights on an ambitious programme to bring an end to the AIDS epidemic by 2030. The 90-90-90 strategy aims to do this by reaching three targets: 90% of all people with HIV must know their status, 90% of those diagnosed with HIV must receive antiretroviral therapy, and 90% of people receiving antiretroviral therapy must be virally suppressed.

Investigating Foodborne Disease Outbreak Based on Simulation Game

How do you prepare for a crisis? When does the general public have to be notified of a risk? And how should authorities deal with scientific uncertainty? These questions are being discussed by food safety experts from Germany and Bosnia-Herzegovina in Sarajevo from 22- 26 October 2018 at the practice workshop "Dealing with foodborne disease outbreaks".

Hepatitis A Outbreak: NC Reports the First Death

North Carolina has reported its first death from Hepatitis A, a virus-borne infection that can be prevented by vaccination. The death, which occurred in October, is part of a multistate outbreak of the potentially fatal disease, the N.C. Department of Health and Human Services said.

Epidemic Calendar shows Seasonality of 69 Infectious Diseases, Study

Influenza is not the only infectious disease with a season. Analyzing published data, Micaela E. Martinez, PhD, assistant professor of environmental health sciences at Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public, created an “epidemic calendar” she said shows the seasonality of 69 infectious diseases, including Ebola, gonorrhea and Zika.

LA Typhus Outbreaks: Debates Over Homelessness, Housing

A man hospitalized for dehydration a few months ago at Los Angeles County-USC Medical Center started suffering from severe fever, and doctors were not sure why. The patient was homeless, to clue to doctors that he might have typhus. Every year people contract flea-borne typhus in Southern California, mostly in Los Angeles County. Doctors did a blood test. "We felt it, and it and behold-typhus," County-USC Chief Medical Officer Dr. Brad Spellberg said.

Multidrug-resistant Tuberculosis: Outbreak Undetected by Standard Tests

On 26 September, the United Nations announced a plan to raise $ 13 billion annually for the fight against tuberculosis by 2030. With 10 million new cases and 1.6 million deaths in 2017, it is the most common infectious disease in the world, ahead of HIV . In over 450,000 new cases of antibiotic-resistant tuberculosis that likely appeared, only 25% were detected.

 A study by an international research team co-directed by Philip Supply, a CNRS researcher at the Center for Infection and Immunity of Lille (CNRS / Inserm / Institut Pasteur de Lille / Université de Lille), has underlined this serious problem of under-detection, in South Africa in particular.