Tuberculosis is the world’s leading infectious disease and it accounts for one in three deaths from HIV/AIDS, according to the World Health Organization’s 2018 report on TB. This is why on World AIDS Day, Dec. 1, the Forum of International Respiratory Societies (FIRS), of which the American Thoracic Society is a founding member, is calling on governments, health advocates and non-government organizations to strengthen their response to AIDS and TB.
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As Australia marks World AIDS Day on Saturday 1 December, new research reveals the enduring challenge of tackling stigma surrounding HIV. The Stigma Indicators Monitoring Project: People Living with HIV, by the UNSW Sydney Center for Social Research in Health (CSRH), is jointly released with The Australian Federation of AIDS Organization (AFAO).
Though opioid use in Mexico has been low, national and international factors are converging and a threat of increased drug and addiction rates exists. Many of these factors may have originated in the US, making this a potential joint US-Mexico epidemic. The authors of this analytic essay came to this conclusion based on a study of published academic literature, Mexican federal documents and guidelines, and news reports pertaining to opioid use in Mexico. The article will be published in the American Journal of Public Health.
The prevalence of metabolic health in American adults is 'alarmingly low,' even among people who are normal weight, according to a new study from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill's Gillings School of Global Public Health. Only one in eight Americans is achieving optimal metabolic health. This carries serious implications for public health since poor metabolic health leaves people more vulnerable to developing Type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and other serious health issues.
The romaine lettuce E. coli scare is over, but it's taken consumers a while to toss the vitamin-rich leafy greens in a salad again. That's a concern for everyone up and down the food supply chain, from growers to grocers. So the food industry is turning to a new technology to help quash the spread of food-borne illness: blockchain.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention calls cigarette smoking "the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the US, accounting for over 480,000 deaths per year." The CDC just reported that smoking rates among US adults have fallen to the lowest level ever recorded – only 14%, less than a third-rate just 70 years ago. While this decline is remarkable, it also points to a puzzle: How did smoking rates ever get so high in the first place?
One in five young adults in India have high blood pressure, According to research presented at the 70 th Annual Conference of the Cardiological Society of India (CSI). That equates to around 80 million people, which is more than the entire UK population.
The gap between the life expectancy of the richest and poorest sectors of society in England is increasing, according to new research from Imperial College London. The research, published in the journal Lancet Public Health, also reveals that the life expectancy of England's poorest women has fallen since 2011, in what researchers say is a "deeply worrying" trend.
Couch Potato Nation: Nearly half of Americans sit for far too many hours a day and do not get any exercise at all, a new study finds. The latest report was published Nov. 20 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Copenhagen has been struggling with air pollution for many years now. Pollution from lorries, vans, busses, and cars each year costs lives. Now research conducted by the University of Copenhagen and a series of collaborators shows that the average lifespan of Copenhagen could be increased by an entire year in 2040 if the level of pollution was reduced to the level found in the countryside.
A South American tribe living in near-total isolation with no Western dietary influences showed no increase in average blood pressure from age one to age 60, according to a study led by Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. In comparison, a nearby tribe whose diet includes some processed foods and salt did show higher blood pressure into late middle age.