All news from Epidemiology

FIRS Highlights Need to Strengthen Efforts Against TB and HIV

Tuberculosis is the world’s leading infectious disease and it accounts for one in three deaths from HIV/AIDS, according to the World Health Organization’s 2018 report on TB. This is why on World AIDS Day, Dec. 1, the Forum of International Respiratory Societies (FIRS), of which the American Thoracic Society is a founding member, is calling on governments, health advocates and non-government organizations to strengthen their response to AIDS and TB.

AIDS Stigma Remains in Australia, Research

As Australia marks World AIDS Day on Saturday 1 December, new research reveals the enduring challenge of tackling stigma surrounding HIVThe Stigma Indicators Monitoring Project: People Living with HIV, by the UNSW Sydney Center for Social Research in Health (CSRH), is jointly released with The Australian Federation of AIDS Organization (AFAO).

Opioid Epidemic Looming in Mexico, US May be Partly Responsible

Though opioid use in Mexico has been low, national and international factors are converging and a threat of increased drug and addiction rates exists. Many of these factors may have originated in the US, making this a potential joint US-Mexico epidemic. The authors of this analytic essay came to this conclusion based on a study of published academic literature, Mexican federal documents and guidelines, and news reports pertaining to opioid use in Mexico. The article will be published in the American Journal of Public Health.

Metabolic Health Complies with Only 12% of American Adults, Findings

The prevalence of metabolic health in American adults is 'alarmingly low,' even among people who are normal weight, according to a new study from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill's Gillings School of Global Public Health. Only one in eight Americans is achieving optimal metabolic health. This carries serious implications for public health since poor metabolic health leaves people more vulnerable to developing Type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and other serious health issues.

Romaine Lettuce E. coli and Other Outbreaks

The romaine lettuce E. coli scare is over, but it's taken consumers a while to toss the vitamin-rich leafy greens in a salad again.  That's a concern for everyone up and down the food supply chain, from growers to grocers. So the food industry is turning to a new technology to help quash the spread of food-borne illness: blockchain.

Fall in Smoking Rates in US, New Updates

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention  calls cigarette smoking  "the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the US, accounting for over 480,000 deaths per year." The CDC just reported that smoking rates among US adults have fallen to the lowest level ever recorded  – only 14%,  less than a third-rate just 70 years ago. While this decline is remarkable, it also points to a puzzle: How did smoking rates ever get so high in the first place?