All news from Epidemiology

Prevalence of Colistin-Resistant Bacteria in Residents in Vietnam

A team of researchers led by Osaka University examined the dissemination of colistin-resistant bacteria among residents of rural communities in Vietnam to find that the prevalence of colistin-resistant Escherichia coli (CR-E) in the intestines was extremely high, at about 70%. This Escherichia coli (E. coli) is a non-pathogenic bacterium, so the residents have no symptoms, but the detection of this type of E. coli in developed countries has been infrequently reported.

Supply of Safe Drinking Water Could Aid to Beat Cholera Epidemics, Experts

In fighting cholera , the international community usually favors responsive actions which have limited and short-term effectiveness. Such actions are often mobilized in responses to sudden epidemics, such as those in Yemen and Zimbabwe. However, there is a lack of evidence for how longer-term interventions , which are usually harder to achieve, can be delivered effectively.

HIV: Russia Risks Epidemic as Cases Rise

Russia and some former Soviet Union countries risk developing out-of-control HIV epidemics, experts said, after data showed a record number of new cases last year. 

Most new cases in the former Soviet Union in 2017 were from heterosexual sex as the disease spreads beyond high-risk groups, according to research by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control. 

Disease Surveillance: Potential Role of Bioaerosol Sampling

A pilot study shows that non-invasive bioaerosol sampling and molecular diagnostics can detect respiratory viruses in aerosol samples in public places such as Singapore's MRT trains. Findings support possibility of employing bioaerosol samplers in crowded areas of densely populated cities like Singapore facing heightened risk from global pandemics.

Second Plague Pandemic: A New Approach to Old Questions

When many moderns think of the plague, the uproarious "Bring Out Your Dead" skit by Monty Python probably comes to mind. But in medieval Europe, the Second Plague Pandemic was no laughing matter: it was a particularly deadly series of disease outbreaks that began in the 14th century with the Black Death.

The Black Death, which reached Europe in October of 1347, killed upwards of 30% of European populations and was responsible for far-reaching social, economic, and political consequences that likely changed the course of history. Now, in a truly fascinating multi-disciplinary study, a pan-European group of researchers has attempted to clarify several outstanding questions related to the spread of plague throughout Europe in the 14th century.