All news from Epidemiology

Largest Outbreak Of Measles in New York State

A measles outbreak in New York has been called the largest in the state's recent history, and it's occurring at a time when there have been spikes in measles cases globally. Since the outbreak emerged in September, measles has been diagnosed in at least 112 people across Rockland and Orange counties and at least 55 in New York City, CNN reports.

AIDS Epidemic: More Insights Could Inform Our Response to Opioid Crisis

There are important lessons to be learned from the successes and failures of the AIDS response that could inform our response to the epidemic opioid, according to a paper by researchers at the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health.

Decades of HIV research have demonstrated that the existence of an effective biomedical treatment is rarely, in and of itself, sufficient to combat an epidemic, suggesting that both a social as well as a biomedical response to the opioid crisis are necessary in order to be effective . The paper is published in the  New England Journal of Medicine .

Mystery of Yemen Cholera Epidemic Resolved

The most likely source of the epidemic cholera in Yemen has been discovered by scientists. Through the use of genomic sequencing, scientists at the Wellcome Sanger Institute and Institut Pasteur estimate the strain of cholera causing the current outbreak in Yemen – the worst cholera outbreak in recorded history – came from Eastern Africa and entered Yemen with the migration of people in out of the region

Across U.S., Prevalence Of HCV Infection Varies Widely

The prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection varies five-fold across the US, with more than 2 million people currently infected, report researchers.  "We found that there are multiple regions of the US that face high burdens of people with current HCV infection," Dr. Eli S. Rosenberg.  "These regions require different public health approaches to address their HCV epidemics.

Tuberculosis Infection Prevalent in One in Five Tibetan Refugee School Children

In a tuberculosis screening and treatment initiative covering the entire population of Tibetan refugee schoolchildren in northern India, a team directed by researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine and the University of Wisconsin says it has found not only a startlingly high prevalence of TB disease and infection, but also a potentially workable strategy to eliminate the disease in a large, high-risk group.

Cholera Epidemics In Yemen: Lack of Preparedness and Insecurity Hampered Response

Between April 27, 2017 and July 1, 2018, more than one million suspected cases of cholera in two waves were reported in Yemen, which had been declared a high-level emergency by the United Nations in 2015. Humanitarian organizations implemented a robust response to cholera despite numerous challenges including famine-like conditions, active civil conflict and destroyed health infrastructure within a shrinking humanitarian space in Yemen.

Bustling Ugandan Border Town on High Alert for Ebola

Stormwater from the peaks of the Rwenzori Mountains swells the muddy Lhubiriha River that marks the often porous border between western Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo.  Less than 70 kilometers (40 miles) away, authorities have already confirmed one case of Ebola , part of the second worst outbreak of the virus now spreading in the east of DR Congo.