One important infection, however, have been tackling neither by disinfectants nor vaccines. That disease was influenza. During each of the years 1915 and 1916; some thirty odd thousand soldiers were admitted to army hospitals; suffering from influenza. In 1917, describing an outbreak of disease constituting “almost a small epidemic”.
However, the situation suddenly and unexpectedly changed. In the course of our researches; study have identified long neglected outbreak of infection: outbreaks which, judged as minor at the time; can be seeing as increasingly important; and a portent of the disaster to come. After all, within 18 months, the most serious influenza pandemic in history had killed some fifty million people.
In both instances, the disease was characterizing by a ‘dusky’ cyanosis; a rapid progression from quite minor symptoms to death which death in any case usually resulting from a superinfection involving staphylococcus, streptococcus, etc.Until 1917, the new science of pathology had identified the bacteria causing disease; and had rapidly formulated vaccines.
Most soldiers are inoculating against cholera, typhoid; and smallpox before they crossed over to France; and chemicals based on chlorine were applying in large quantities to surfaces; food, and drinking water.A potential pandemic virus; such as influenza A (H5N1); can be deliberately mutated in the laboratory in order to change; its virulence and spreadability. Key mutations can then be identifying .
A second tool lies in phylogenetics, combined with molecular clock analysis. It shows that the 1918 pandemic virus first emerged in the years 1915–1916.Not only were the usual examinations undertaking ; of tissue and sputum; but a postmortem examination was conducted of every single soldier dying of disease; throughout a period of seven weeks in early 1917;A relatively large-scale investigation was carrying out in this field.
World Health Organisation
The vaccine contained seven different heat-treated organisms: pneumococcus, streptococcus, B. influenzae, staphococcus aureus, M. catarrhalis, B. pneumoniae, and B. septus. By preparing it in two dosage strengths; delivered ten days apart and a Generation Time of two to three days, a million infections can be caused in 40 days and nights, in an immune-naive population.
In September 1918.Today, the World Health Organisation on full alert; and every nation in the world has been asked to plan for a pandemic of bird influenza A (H5N1) or (H7N9).Research also know that pandemic influenza A virus is an ‘emerging virus’, with aquatic geese, ducks, and swans as a reservoir.