Health officials in Washington have declared a state of emergency and are urging immunization as they scramble to contain a measles outbreak in two counties, while the number of cases of the potentially deadly virus continues to climb in a region with lower-than-normal vaccination rates.
Washington Department of Health officials announced that, there have been 36 confirmed cases and 11 suspected cases of the disease. That is a significant increase from the reported numbers on Friday, when Gov. Jay Inslee declared a state of emergency. At the time, there were 26 measles cases.
The measles virus is a highly contagious
In Friday’s statement; Inslee said, “The measles virus is a highly contagious infectious disease that can be fatal in small children; and the existence of 26 confirmed cases in the state of Washington creates an extreme public health risk that may quickly spread to other counties.”
Since then, 10 new cases have been confirmed, nine in Clark County; which borders Portland, Ore., creating concern in that state as well. Washington state epidemiologist Scott Lindquist told NPR that this is likely only the beginning of the epidemic because many of the families with infected children traveled to very public places, including Costco, Ikea, the Portland International Airport and the basketball arena where the Portland Trail Blazers play.
Lindquist added that officials are particularly concerned that “folks that are immuno-compromised — pregnant women, young kids and those that are unvaccinated — could be at risk for this disease” without realizing it because the telltale measles rash might not appear for four days into the sickness. As a result, people may not know they are carrying the disease and could easily unwittingly expose others to the extremely contagious virus.
It can cause serious complications
Measles virus travels through the air. It can be contracted without even being near a person with the virus because it lingers for up to two hours in the air of a room where a person with the measles has been. It can cause serious complications, including pneumonia and encephalitis, and can be deadly. Inslee notes, “Almost everyone who is not immune will get measles.”
Clark County Public Health has identified 35 confirmed cases and 11 suspected cases since Jan. 1, when it first began investigating the outbreak. In 31 of the cases, the person who contracted the disease did not have immunization. In the remaining cases, authorities had not yet verified their immunization status. The majority of those infected children, had 25 of the 35 confirmed cases impacting children under 10 years old.
Doctors could not immunize the children under the age of one. So far, King County has reported the only adult case, a man in his 50s who was in hospital but has since recovered. Although it’s not clear where he became infected, the man said he had recently traveled to Clark County.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that if the non-immunized people are exposed to the airborne virus, they will get the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine. It explains, “If you get MMR vaccine within 72 hours of initially exposition to measles, you may get some protection against the disease, or have milder illness.”
Measles was the single leading killer of children
For example, before the introduction of vaccine in 1963, measles was the single leading killer of children in the world. To this day, it still kills 100,000 people, mostly children a year worldwide, most under the age of 5. The country’s widespread vaccination program completely eliminated measles within the U.S. in 2000.
However, state laws allowing parents to opt out of mandatory vaccinations quickly began eroding those statistics, leading to outbreaks across the nation. So, the CDC attributed the jump to primarily unvaccinated people in the Orthodox Jewish communities in New York state, New York City and New Jersey. The agency noted the outbreaks, associated with travelers, who brought measles back from Israel.
As per report; “In 2014, there were 667 cases in the U.S., including a large outbreak among Amish communities in Ohio. In 2015, there were 188 cases, including some linked to an outbreak that started at the Disneyland amusement park. Prior vaccination is critical to keeping people from contracting the virus.”
There is a very aggressive anti-vaccine lobby
Mainly, Washington and Oregon are among the country’s many states that allow parents with a personal; or philosophical objection to decline the measles vaccination, among some others. And Seattle and Spokane in Washington and Portland are among 15 U.S. cities considered “hot spots” for their high rates of nonmedical exemptions to vaccines that cover measles, mumps and rubella.
To conclude, Pediatrician Peter Hotez, dean of Baylor College of Medicine’s National School of Tropical Medicine; told NPR there is a very aggressive anti-vaccine lobby throughout the Pacific Northwest; that has effectively driven up the rates of vaccine noncompliance; leaving scores of children vulnerable to the infection.
Most importantly, the groups often spread misinformation claiming a link between vaccines and autism. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has wholly refuted a claim. Washington state officials are now beginning the arduous and costly task of tracking down everyone; who exposed themselves to the infection and cautioning them to be on the alert for symptoms; including runny nose, red eyes, fever and rash.