Ebola, is a viral hemorrhagic fever of humans and other primates caused by ebolaviruses; which includes close contact with their infected blood, secretion and organs. Which includes monkeys, chimpanzees, gorillas, bush pigs, forest antelopes, chevrotains, civets and bats.
The exposure takes place during unprotecting hunting and processing of infected wild animals for meat consumption; if once the Ebola virus is entering into a human body;it replicating at very high concentrations in almost all organs and tissues; After an incubation period ranging from 2 to 21 days; it spreading by human to human transmission; Some particular species of fruit bats are considering the possible natural hosts for Ebola virus.
Ebola virus infection
But by direct contact with contaminated beds, bedding, and cloths can also be a source of infection; Another risk is sexual transmission; This happens through direct contact such as unprotecting broken skin or mucous membranes with blood, secretions or other bodily fluids.
The spread of Ebola across international borders is of a great concern. But it’s not surprising that the epicentre of the Ebola outbreak is in the highly unstable northeastern part of the DRC. The area is deeply troubling with high levels of social disruption causing by war and internal civil conflict resulting in widespread violence.Measures and strategies to control the Ebola outbreaks are in place in the country. These include social mobilisation, health education and psychosocial support, case management and funerals.
Surveillance and laboratory testing
Other measures include surveillance and laboratory testing as well as contact tracing, sample collection and transport, reporting and analysing results, logistics and security. Mobile response teams have also been mobilised. These measures need high levels of coordination and community engagement
The World Health Organisation are taking all the necessary measures to contain the outbreak and prevent further spread. This includes vaccination and deployment of more resources. Mass gatherings, market days and prayers in areas at risk have been cancelled. And a mobile response team has been deployed to the affected border area of Uganda.