Part of the inner ear
Hearing loss is induce after the cochlea, a part of the inner ear; hence is expose to loud sounds in concerts, bomb blasts and construction noise. If the sound does not die away quickly; so then tinnitus must be treat by a doctor. The decibel ranges from a low pitch, soft roaring sounds to high squeals.
Humming, clicking and roaring sounds can be heard in the ear intermittently or throughout the day in one or both ears; so depending on the types of tinnitus identified by doctors. Subjective tinnitus occurs when there is damage in the auditory nerves; so its pathways and can be heard by the patient only. Objective tinnitus is a rare condition cause by muscle contractions or blood vessel; so problems inside the ear and when the doctor can hear the sound during medical examination.
Depression occurs as a result of noises heard in the ear as it affects normal day to day functioning; hence due to unable to maintain relationships and decreasing awareness of one’s surroundings. A study publish in the International Tinnitus Journal in 2017, Ovid, and Cochrane said that major depression affect 33% of patients; hence with tinnitus and anxiety affect 45% of patients with tinnitus.
Tinnitus and suicidal tendencies
A study publishe in Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) on May 2 went a step ahead and establish the link between tinnitus and suicidal tendencies. Out of the 71,542 patients assess from a sample population base in Sweden taken from the Stockholm Public Health Cohort (SPHC), the study found that severe tinnitus was a factor in suicide attempts, more so in women than men
Among the participants, 9% of women with severe tinnitus attempt to commit suicide; so while comparitively 5.5% of men with severe tinnitus attempt suicide. Gender differences aside, just the very presence of tinnitus was associate with suicide attempts; so along with those participants with severe tinnitus. The data was compare to those without any symptom; so relate tinnitus to make the conclusion on tinnitus and suicidal thought connection.
The researchers note that attempting suicide does not neccesarily lead to ending one’s life. On the bright side, the data suggest that individuals who receive treatment for tinnitus; hence were at a reduce risk of attempting suicide since the medical intervention improve their quality of life.
The researchers point out that chronic pain and tinnitus were similar in terms of the impact on the neurobilogical system; so especially with suicidal thoughts. The limitation of the study is that only one fifth of the participants were diagnose by a clinician. Further research needs to be conduct on the pathophysiological factors; so differentiating men and women diagnose with tinnitus to make clear inferences on how it affects people base on gender.