Job Loss

Job Loss; Recently unemployed people with undiagnose obstructive sleep apnea have a higher risk of having lost a job multiple times, according to preliminary results from a new study. Results show that individuals with undiagnosed obstructive sleep apnea more likely to have experienced multiple involuntary job losses. Compared to participants who did not have sleep apnea, those with moderate-to-severe sleep apnea were more than twice as likely to have a history of multiple job layoffs or firings.

Obstructive sleep apnea

Involuntary job loss can be related to both employer and personal factors. Irrespective of cause, it is likely to cause negative changes in daily activities and sleep patterns. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) can impair mental and physical performance and thus may be an etiologic factor leading to job loss.

These results suggest that undetected obstructive sleep apnea could have long-term, negative effects on vocational functioning,” said principal investigator Patricia Haynes, Ph.D., an associate professor in the Department of Health Promotion Sciences at the University of Arizona in Tucson.

Nearly 30 million adults in the U.S. have obstructive sleep apnea, a chronic disease that involves the repeated collapse of the upper airway during sleep. Common warning signs include snoring, choking or gasping during sleep. Untreated sleep apnea can cause excessive daytime sleepiness, fatigue, and impairments in cognitive functioning.

Daily Activity Patterns

This analysis of data from the ongoing, prospective Assessing Daily Activity Patterns; so through occupational Transitions (ADAPT) study involve 261 participants with an average age of 41 years; 58% were women. Seventy-three percent receive hourly wages rather than a salary, and about 45% of participants had a history of multiple job losses. Breathing during sleep was evaluate with a home sleep apnea test; which reveal that 42% had at least mild sleep apnea.

After a propensity score analysis, 39 match pairs (78 participants); so remain for the logistic regression model. Results were control for potential confounders such as age, sex, race, and job payment type. The authors noted that one limitation of the study was the inability to include body mass index in the analysis.

Individuals with moderate-to-severe OSA were more likely to have experience; so multiple involuntary job losses. Body mass index (BMI) data; hence were not collect and the inability to include BMI in the model is consider as a limitation; hence given the estimate relationship between BMI and job loss. Despite this limitation, these data provide valuable, proof of concept that moderate-to-severe OSA may confer significant long-term occupational and economic consequences that are uniquely associate with involuntary job loss.