Diabetes affects millions of people and is currently one of the most prevalent and dreaded non-communicable conditions. The condition affects around 7000 people under the age of 25 years in UK finds a new survey.

Some of the risk factors that worsen outcome of diabetics in the long run include being obese or overweight, having high levels of cholesterol or triglycerides and a high blood pressure.

Insulin Requirement – Unmet Needs

According to a study published this week in the journal Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology, by 2030 there will be 79 million adults worldwide living with diabetes and would be requiring insulin for treatment.

At present rates of production, only around half of them would be able to meet their needs for insulin. Researchers have warned that not only should the disease be prevented, access to the drugs and insulin should also be improved. The worst affected regions are likely to be Africa, Asia and Oceania.

Dr. Sanjay Basu, assistant professor of medicine at Stanford University in the US, who led the research said, “These estimates suggest that current levels of insulin access are highly inadequate compared to projected need, particularly in Africa and Asia, and more efforts should be devoted to overcoming this looming health challenge." 

"Despite the UN's commitment to treat non-communicable diseases and ensure universal access to drugs for diabetes, across much of the world insulin is scarce and unnecessarily difficult for patients to access,” said Basu.

The team of researchers used data from the International Diabetes Federation and 14 studies and tried to extrapolate the numbers from 221 countries. They found the rates of type 2 diabetes from 2018 to 2030. Total estimated type 2 diabetes population would rise from 406 million in 2018 to 511 million in 2030 they noted.

United States would have 32 million diabetics in 2030 they write. “The number of adults with type 2 diabetes is expected to rise over the next 12 years due to aging, urbanization and associated changes in diet and physical activity,” said Basu in a statement.