The role of aspirin in preventing a first heart attack or stroke among people at moderate risk of heart disease remains unclear. At the 2018 European Society of Cardiology meeting, J. Michael Gaziano presented findings from ARRIVE, a randomized, controlled clinical trial of the use of daily aspirin to prevent a first cardiovascular event among more than 12,500 participants considered to be at moderate cardiovascular risk. The team's findings are detailed in a paper published simultaneously in The Lancet.
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According to a study, researchers estimated that many consumers have difficulty using and understanding food labels, especially men and people at risk for heart disease. Diet is considered a modifiable risk factor for heart disease prevention. In Ireland, as in many other nations, food labels provide nutritional information to help consumers make informed food choices. But this observational study identifies gaps in adults' use of food labels.
Researchers explored clinical and genetic factors associated with atrial tachycardia (AT) after CHD surgery in infants younger than 1-year-old. They examined variants in the genes PITX2 and IL6, which are associated with postoperative atrial fibrillation in adults after cardiac surgery.
Arrhythmias disruptions in the rhythm of the heartbeat after congenital heart disease (CHD) surgery in children are common and contribute to increased morbidity and mortality. The investigators reported in the August issue of American Heart Journal that 15% of infants enrolled in the study experienced AT after CHD surgery.
AT was associated with the need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support and longer duration of ventilation, intensive care unit stays, and hospital stays. Variations in PITX2 and IL6 were not associated with postoperative AT.
According to research, people who have lots of deep forehead wrinkles, more than is typical for their age, may have a higher risk of dying of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Wrinkles just an inevitable consequence of aging. Assessing brow wrinkles could be an easy, low-cost way to identify people in a high-risk category for CVD.
Researchers have identified four variations in a gene known as BAG3 that are linked to a poor outcome. Genetic testing is a powerful diagnostic tool that is increasingly being used for the diagnosis of dilated cardiomyopathy, a disease in which the heart becomes enlarged, making it difficult to pump blood. Cardiomyopathy affects more than 3.5 million people in the United States.
African Americans are at especially high risk but have been underrepresented in genetic studies, often due to socioeconomic barriers and other health disparities. The study was published in the journal JAMA Cardiology, is the first to describe genetic variants that are almost exclusive to African Americans that impact the outcome in dilated cardiomyopathy patients.
Scientists determined two factors of vascular aging CF-PWV and CAVI. Both of these parameters determine arterial stiffness, the main indicator of vascular aging, with high precision. However, they are influenced by age and certain metabolism abnormalities in different ways.
The study is expected to help cardiologists find effective diagnostic methods for individual patients. In young people, large vessels such as the aorta and its main branches normally have elastic walls. With aging, the walls of the arteries accumulate collagen, which increases their stiffness one of the key indicators of vascular aging.
Stiff vessel walls, unlike the elastic walls of young arteries, do not stretch and fail to slow down the flow of blood from the heart. The study was published in the Journal of Hypertension.
Researchers reviewed the mechanisms responsible for vascular damage from air pollution together with scientists from the UK and the USA. Air pollution and fine dust, in particular, is responsible for more than four million deaths each year. Almost 60% of deaths occur as a result of cardiovascular diseases. The study was published in the latest issue of the European Heart Journal.
According to a study, researchers have shown that alcohol intake trajectories differ in their associations with biomarkers of cardiovascular functioning, but it remains unclear if they also differ in their relationship to actual coronary heart disease (CHD) incidence. The study was published in the open access journal BMC Medicine that examined data on 35,132 individuals.
A recent study found a link between people who usually slept for longer than eight hours a night and their chances of having heart disease or dying prematurely. The study was published in the Journal of the American Heart Association has led to headlines that will make you rethink your Saturday morning sleep in.
According to a study, researchers examined that molecular autopsies can reveal genetic risk factors in young people who unexpectedly die, but the proper interpretation of the results can be challenging. The study was published in Circulation.
Current treatment guidelines say patients who undergo minimally invasive aortic heart valve replacements should receive two antiplatelet drugs to reduce the risk of dangerous blood clots.
According to a study, researchers determined that some various biological, economic, physical, social and psychological factors influence food choices, interventions targeting these factors can lead to meaningful improvements in long-term eating habits. Diet modification can be a vital step to prevent cardiovascular disease. The study was published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.