Parents who have five or more children may face a higher risk of heart disease than those who have only one or two keiki, according to new findings by public health researchers in the Myron B. Thompson School of Social Work at the University of Hawaii at Manoa.A heart defects is a problem in the heart’s structure.
Kids who have a heart defect were born with it. Heart defects are often calls “congenital,” which means “present at birth.” Heart defects are also sometimes refer to as congenital heart disease. Researchers led by Sara Hipp; said that recent graduate of the Office of Public Health Studies program, look at data from nearly 25,000 participants ages 50 and older who took part in a national health survey. The findings were publish in the Journal of Aging and Health.
Minor heart disease
Children with minor heart defects may not need any treatment. But some babies have serious symptoms that need medical or surgical treatment within the first year of life. They’ll be care for by, pediatric cardiologists: doctors who specialize in treating children’s heart problems; also pediatric heart surgeons: doctors who specialize in children’s heart surgery
Procedures done through cardiac catheterization such as balloon angioplasty or valvuloplasty can widen an obstruct blood vessel or valve. Another procedure, transcatheter device occlusion, can close abnormal openings or holes within the heart or blood vessels without surgery.
Some problems, such as small- or moderate-size ventricular septal defects; so may close or get smaller as a child grows. While waiting for the hole to close, the child might have to take medicines. Complex defects found early might need a series of operations that are finish when a child is about 3 years old.
Risk of heart disease
Many studies have link women’s reproductive characteristics; such as their age at their first childbirth, with their risk of heart disease later in life, Hipp said. But there wasn’t much known about the association between family size and heart disease; and very few studies have look at how fatherhood may relate to men’s risk of heart disease.
Hipp and her co-authors found that 30% of the parents who said they had five or more children had a heart condition; such as coronary heart disease, angina or congestive heart failure. Just 22% of those who had only one or two children, and 21% of those who had no children; said they had been diagnose with a heart condition. Among all the respondents; about one quarter said they’d been told by a doctor within the past two years that they had heart disease.
Our data show that, in both sexes, having more children was associate with a greater risk of heart disease, Hipp said. The link remaine even when the researchers adjust for other characteristics that can affect people’s risk of heart disease; such as age, race/ethnicity and birthplace.
In women, the association persist even after researchers adjust for lifestyle variables; such as whether they smoked or exercise at least twice a week. This work is important because it presents sophisticate analyses in a very large sample that not only replicates findings from a number of smaller studies; it also expands this body of work to look at the relationship between parenthood and heart disease in men, said Yan Yan Wu, assistant professor of biostatistics in public health.