Cardiovascular Health; Physician scientists from the University of Alabama at Birmingham and the University of Minnesota have recently collaborate to assess the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and key cardiovascular diseases among Asian Americans. Among their landmark findings, recently publish in the journal American Journal of Cardiology, is that American-born Asian Americans had higher odds of poor diet and elevate blood pressure than foreign-born Asian Americans including among the most educate and affluent.
Cardiovascular health metrics
Cardiovascular disease has been a major driver of morbidity and mortality in the United States for decades. There are also many research reports to describe a rapidly rising burden of cardiovascular risk factors and diseases in Asia in the last decade. Despite the data emerging from both continents, data to describe these trends in Americans from the Asian subcontinent, or Asian Americans, is lacking.
The NHANES began selectively sampling Asian Americans in 2011, and the American Heart Association follow suit in 2018 by releasing a scientific statement calling for more research into Asian Americans’ cardiovascular health. Hence authors use the NHANES data, along with guidance from the American Heart Association, to provide an in-depth analysis of cardiovascular health metrics among Asian Americans.
The authors also evaluate the prevalence of key cardiovascular conditions like congestive heart failure, diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease between 2011 and 2016. So authors further hypothesized that the prevalence of ideal cardiovascular health vary between American born Asian Americans and foreign born.
The lifestyle differences
Our investigation’s results suggest that Asian Americans are suffering; so from the same trends right here in America; also that there are important differences in Asian Americans; who were born in America and those who were born outside of America. Together, they hope these findings stimulate clinicians to aggressively screen; also target treatment for the cardiovascular diseases in this growing ethnic sub-group.
The individual Asian ethnic sub groups have tremendous differences; so in their cardiovascular risk profiles, she said. “Similarly, Asian Americans have vast differences in their lifestyle habits. Since such few Asian Americans have been formally study until now; so our ability to detect these differences in risk profiles; also lifestyle differences between the Asian American ethnic sub-groups is highly limited.
Additionally, while NHANES is very rigorously conduct and highly respect; so some outcomes are report by the participants themselves. Self-recall of health data can introduce bias into reporting, according to Arora. Finally, we know from prior data that researchers; so have a hard time recruiting Asian Americans into health research studies, she said. They sincerely hope our findings and involvement in health research can stimulate their interest, if only to a small degree.