All news from Aviation Medicine & Aerospace Medicine

Eye-brain

Eye-Brain System And Insights Into Simulated Microgravity Conditions

This work aims at investigating the interactions; between the flow of fluids in the eye-brain system and their potential implications in structural and functional changes in the eyes of astronauts; a condition also known as spaceflight associated neuro-ocular syndrome (SANS).  Microgravity conditions observed to induce structural; and functional changes in the eyes of many astronauts…

Pilots

Maritime Pilots In Germany Faces Psychophysical Stress And Strain

According to the German Maritime Pilots Law; constant availability of pilots required at any time of day or night, 365 days a year. This is monitored by regional supervisors so that all ships can always served without delay. The irregular arrival of ships at pilots’ transfer stations makes it difficult to anticipate deployment requirements. The…

Helicopter Emergency Medical Service

Increased Staffing In The Helicopter Emergency Medical Service

As in many other countries, HEMS (helicopter emergency medical service) helicopters are essential for providing these services in remote areas. The main tasks of the HEMS helicopters are to offer advanced emergency medical treatment outside hospitals; and to bring patients directly to the correct level of treatment in the health service. The medical benefits of…

Space Traveller

Space Travel Has Significant Impact On The Brain

An international team of Russian and Belgian researchers, including scientists from HSE University, has found out that space travel has a significant impact on the brain: they discovered that cosmonauts demonstrate changes in brain connectivity related to perception and movement. Some areas, such as regions in the insular and parietal cortices; work more synchronously with…

Fatigue

Fatigue In Airline Cabin Crew Is By Workload

The study, published in The International Journal of Aerospace Psychology; examined how workload influenced fatigue on ultra-long range flights “This study forms part of my doctoral research; in which I set out to evaluate Fatigue Risk Management Systems (FRMS) specific to the needs of cabin crew,” said lead author Margo van den Berg, a PhD…

Space

Disease On Earth Can Be Detected By Technology Designed For Space

Researchers at King’s are now trialling the use of a simple breath test device developed by RAL; Space to study gases in the Martian atmosphere. The device known as a Laser Isotope Ratiometer (LIR) can provide instant results; helping doctors start treatment earlier which could reduce the number of sepsis linked deaths. In the UK…

Alcohol

United Airlines Tells Pilots No Alcohol For 12 Hours Before Flights

The airline is telling pilots they must abstain from alcohol for 12 hours before flights; up from the previous eight hours. The change in the rule it’s called “bottle-to-throttle” in the airline business comes several days after two United pilots; were arrested in Scotland and charged with suspicion of being under the influence before a…

radiation

Astronauts’ Brains Are Damaged By Space Radiation

The trip to Mars takes six to nine months one way with current propulsion technology. So, these results should ring a cautionary bell for NASA and other organizations that aim to send people to the Red Planet, study team members said. “This is not a deal-breaker for space travel, but when you send astronauts up…

Workplace harassment

Flight attendants Face Workplace Harassment

Workplace harassment and abuse, especially against women, occur with great frequency worldwide. Estimates suggest that as many as 50% of U.S. women experience sexual harassment during their working lives; but only a minority report it (Feldblum and. Studies indicate that workplace abuse and stress are related to poorer mental health; including sleep disorders, depression, anxiety,…

Emotional labor

Among Cabin Crew: Implication Of Emotional Labor And Flexibility

This review focuses on studying the interplay of emotional labor (EL), cognitive flexibility (CF), and relational energy (RE) among cabin crew. The primary goal of the aviation industry is to cater to the needs and demands of their clients and customers. The smooth functioning of any airline lies in the hands of not just the…

Thyroid cancer

Airline Cockpit And Cabin Crew Are At Risk Of Thyroid Cancer

The paucity of sufficiently powered studies to investigate the incidence of thyroid cancer in airline crew; they conducted a first-step meta-analysis of cohort studies that reported standardized incidence ratios (SIR); and standardized mortality ratios (SMR) of thyroid carcinoma in cockpit and cabin crew. Commercial airline crew spend hundreds of hours per year working; at cruising…

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence Could Help Air Travelers Save A Bundle

Researchers are using artificial intelligence to help airlines price ancillary services such as checked bags and seat reservations in a way that is beneficial to customers’ budget and privacy, as well as to the airline industry’s bottom line. When airlines began unbundling the costs of flights and ancillary services in 2008; many customers saw it…