Researchers published a new report in the journal PLOS Biology stating that historical documents prove that the sugar industry has had a hand in hiding the true results that sugars are actually more dangerous for the heart damage than fats, from the general public.

Several studies looked at how sugar could damage heart with time. In order to influence the results, the sugar industry too chipped in with funding and support for these studies and thus they ended up skewing the results. The results thus came out that fats were the culprits while now it is known that sugars are actually far more dangerous than fats.

The University of California at San Francisco (UCSF) gathered the internal documents from the sugar industries from 1968 and found that the Sugar Research Foundation which is associated with the Sugar Association went ahead with several animal studies who wanted to explore if sugar consumption was associated with heart disease.

The team had fed the rats with a diet high on sugars that led to rise in triglycerides. These are one of the components of bad cholesterol that is directly associated with the risk of heart attack or stroke in humans. They also found that sugar consumption is associated with rising of certain enzymes that can cause bladder cancer.

Sugar Research Foundation was most likely disappointed with the way the studies were showing sugar consumption was linked to heart disease and abruptly stopped the studies and did not publish the results. The sugar industry was deliberately de-emphasizing the effects of sugars on health. The study results showed the sugar industry has a long history of manipulating science.

The sugar industry gathered to form a Sugar Association in 1964. The researchers at the time gathered the evidence available that heart disease prevention needed only one dietary intervention – to reduce the dietary cholesterol and saturated fat consumption. Sugars were not held responsible for heart disease in the study. This was published in the journal JAMA Internal Medicine.

The Sugar Association did not take the accusations lying down and issued a counter statement that this investigation report was a perspective and not a study. It is more of a collection of speculations and assumptions about events that happened nearly five decades ago, the statement reads. They add that these UCSF researchers were always critical of the sugar industry anyway.

The new report claims that just like the tobacco industry had suppressed the fact that tobacco consumption leads to cancers and other diseases, the sugar industry too should be held responsible for their misleading claims. The sugar industry still has the funds and the influence to change the nutrition guidelines.