In a new study, researchers from MedUni Vienna presented the concept of bionic hand reconstruction for a structured psychological assessment to determine whether a patient is psychologically suitable for the reconstruction.
Accidents can cause serious injuries to the nerves that supply the arm and hand. If the function of the nerves is not restored within a few months of the accident, the hand musculature dies, so that the hand becomes a non-functional appendage with no sensation.
Bionic reconstruction, in which the lifeless hand is replaced by a mechatronic hand, restores hope to the patients. However, not everyone is suitable for this programme certain psychological preconditions must be fulfilled.
In most cases it is possible, through timely nerve reconstruction, to restore some function in the shoulder and elbow. However, in most cases, the muscles in the hand do not survive this period without a nerve supply.
Dr Oskar C. Aszmann presented the concept of bionic reconstruction for such patients at the Medical University of Vienna in 2015. The procedure involves grafting new muscles into the forearm so that these can then act a signal amplifier for the remaining nerves.
The non-functional hand is then replaced by a mechatronic hand. Even after years without any manual function, patients with this type of prosthetic hand are again able to exert a strong grip and to manipulate objects.
However, bionic reconstruction involves amputating the non-functional hand, which constitutes a serious breach of physical integrity. It is therefore essential to ascertain in advance whether a patient is aware of the ramifications of this decision and understands the amount of rehabilitation required to restore manual function, albeit mechatronic.
Hence, the research team have developed a psychosocial assessment procedure that every patient must undergo before the elective amputation. The assessment consists of several questionnaires and a two-hour interview with experienced clinical psychologist Anna Pittermann, a researcher
The process aims to ascertain to what extent potential candidates have come to terms with the accident that caused the nerve injury, what expectations they have of a prosthesis and whether these expectations are realistic.
Again and again, the investigator encounters patients who have cyborg-type fantasies, which were primarily driven by distorted reports in the media. It is, therefore, necessary to explain to them that a prosthetic hand is not some fantastic thing.
The psychosocial assessment helps to identify early on those patients who have unrealistic expectations, to exclude unsuitable people from the programme and also to be able to offer help with any psychological issues or to work together to develop strategies to overcome these problems, the researchers concluded.