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Ayushman Bharat: India’s New Health Base

Preparations for Ayushman Bharat began two years before Union finance minister Arun Jaitley announced the government’s flagship health insurance programme in his 2018 Budget speech. The training of a new cadre of community health officers to staff health sub-centres that serve a population of 5,000 began across many states in summer 2017, setting the stage for the treatment of simple fever, infections and pain, and early diagnosis and timely referrals to hospitals at the village level.

FRESH Program Approach Benefits Women at Risk of HIV

The program addresses the persistently elevated risk of HIV infection among young women in South Africa from two angles—first, investigating biological factors that modulate infection risk along with the early immunologic events following viral exposure, and second, alleviating the socioeconomic factors that limit opportunities for young women, the group at greatest risk of infection in the region of the world hardest hit by the HIV epidemic. The study is published in Science Immunology.