All news from Anaesthesiology

Surgical drill bit ensures safer bone surgery and protects soft tissue

The associated with surgical drills cause costs amounting to more than EUR 4 billion every year and, in the worst cases, can lead to the patient's death, estimated. Researchers at the Department of Neurosurgery at (The Hospital District of Helsinki and Uusimaa) HUS had an idea for a new type of surgical drill bit. The mechanism of this drill bit is to protect the soft tissue and to be installed in existing surgical drill systems.

Identification of Critical Research Strategies and Interventions for Children and Adolescent HIV

Important research agendas required to improve testing and treatment of children and youngsters with HIV were presented at the 9th International Aids Society (IAS) Conference on HIV Science in Paris. At present HIV testing and treatment rates are lesser for children than adults. Less than 50% of children who had been exposed to HIV were tested by the suggested age of two months and less than 50% had admitted to antiretroviral therapy.

Magnetic Stimulation Could Improve the Awareness of Patient’s Own Cognitive Abilities

Metacognition stimulation of a tactile working memory task could be done by combining neural pathway imaging and magnetic stimulation of the brain, which might help in development of new treatments for neuropsychiatric illnesses. Metacognition is defined as the ability of a person to monitor and control his / her cognitive processes. It plays a vital role in patients with neuropsychiatric illnesses. Currently the research has made possible to recognize any weakness in metacognition.

Anabolic Androgenic Steroids Linked with Early Coronary Artery Disease

" Anabolic androgenic steroid abuse among young people is a widespread problem, and adverse events such as sudden cardiac death and heart attack have been reported in athletes ," said Francis Ribeiro, the lead author of the study. I have added, "In Brazil, around one million people have used anabolic androgenic steroids at least once, and they are the most commonly used drug in the country."

Palliative Care Interventions: Patients with Depression and Advanced Cancer Benefited

ENABLE ( Educate, Nurture, Advise, Before Life Ends) is a palliative care intervention which is designed to improve quality of life. In the study, the use of ENABLE. The effect of the early intervention, delayed intervention or no palliative care intervention on the survival rates was compared; this represents the patient's initial level of depression. The findings provide new insight into the relationship between depression and survival . The study is published in Health Psychology.

Bryostatin 1: A Promising cure against Dangerous Diseases

Scientists isolated a drug, bryostatin 1, from a marine pest that had the potential for treating some of the world's dangerous diseases. But, the quantity of the drug produced from the feathery sea creatures was insufficient. However, the researchers had found a simpler and more efficient method to extract the compound increasingly in the lab.