All news from Anaesthesiology

During pregnancy, Women want support in managing their weight

A Monash University study reveals that during and after pregnancy, Australian women wish their healthcare providers to advise them actively about weight management.

Obesity during pregnancy is a growing health problem that has significant health implications for mothers and their babies. Women and their pregnancy care providers often find the topic difficult and are reluctant to discuss weight and weight management during pregnancy.

The mechanism that explains hind-limb positioning in tetrapod evolution was revealed

In the evolution of tetrapods , the hindlimb position has changed along with the vertebral formula (the number of small bones joints that form the vertebra). Tetrapods are species with four feet, but can include those without four or any feet. Tetrapods comprise all the organisms, living and extinct, that descended from the last common ancestor of amphibians, reptiles, and mammals, even if they have secondarily lost their " four feet ".

Penn Study could Suggest Novel Treatments Options for Chronic Sinus Infections

Bitter taste receptors in the upper airway were the first line of defense against sinus infections. However, the ability of the receptor to kill harmful toxins and pathogens was blocked when the sweet taste receptors were also triggered. An earlier study reported that glucose and other sugars triggered the sweet taste receptors. But the new study led by scientists at the Perelman School of Medicine of the University of Pennsylvania reported that amino acids could also trigger the sweet taste receptors. The new research could pave the way toward novel treatments for chronic sinus infections. The study findings were published in the journal Science Signaling.

Fish Food for Marine Farms: Reservoir for Antibiotic Resistance Genes

A total of 132 unique antibiotic resistance genes (ARG) and 4 mobile genetic elements (MGEs) were detected in five fishmeal products. ARG abundance and diversity in the mariculture microcosm sediment were significantly increased by the addition of fishmeal, and trends in ARG patterns correlated with the resident bacterial community in sediment.

Genetic causes of congenital heart disease identified, researchers reveal

Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of mortality from congenital disabilities affecting about one in every 100 babies. CHD patients remain at a higher risk of heart complications later in life, despite an increase in survival rates of infants due to advancements in surgery and care. The genetic cause underlying CHD is undefined, while a new study from the NHLBI Pediatric Cardiac Genomics Consortium (PGCG) uncovered the genetic causes of cases of CHD and the long-term effects for patients with these mutations.

The researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital published their study findings in Nature Genetics.

Geriatrics: Cognitive training enhanced innovative thinking and brain networks

In a pilot study, the researchers from the Center for Brain Health demonstrated that cognitive training improved in innovative thinking and brain responses in older patients (age ≥55 years). The specific strategic cognitive training program improved innovation in healthy adults, where the ability to synthesize complex information and generate a multitude of high-level interpretations was evaluated. The findings were published in Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience .