A new study led by the researchers at Binghamton University, in collaboration with colleagues at the State University of New York, and Karolinska Institutet and Karolinska University Hospital in Stockholm, described the beneficiary effects of endurance exercise in muscle inflammation (myositis). Endurance exercise helps in managing muscle inflammation.
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Intrauterine devices (IUDs) could protect against the third-most common cancer in women worldwide. A new study published in Obstetrics & Gynecology showed that occurrence of cervical cancer was dramatically reduced by using IUD.
A Monash University study reveals that during and after pregnancy, Australian women wish their healthcare providers to advise them actively about weight management.
Obesity during pregnancy is a growing health problem that has significant health implications for mothers and their babies. Women and their pregnancy care providers often find the topic difficult and are reluctant to discuss weight and weight management during pregnancy.
New research published in the journal Microbiome, reported that monitoring how microorganisms adjust to the confined conditions on-board spacecraft was important for safety environment for astronauts on long-duration space missions such as a journey to Mars.
Among girl soccer players, there could find an association of sports specialization with significantly worse mood, stress, fatigue, soreness, and sleep quality, even after monitoring for factors such as age and time spent in training. The study presented at the American Academy of Pediatrics 2017 National Conference & Exhibition, at Chicago's McCormick Place West conference center.
According to research published in Neurology, the outer retina thinning may be associated with frontotemporal degeneration (FTD) and this, in turn, correlates with disease severity.
In the evolution of tetrapods , the hindlimb position has changed along with the vertebral formula (the number of small bones joints that form the vertebra). Tetrapods are species with four feet, but can include those without four or any feet. Tetrapods comprise all the organisms, living and extinct, that descended from the last common ancestor of amphibians, reptiles, and mammals, even if they have secondarily lost their " four feet ".
Bitter taste receptors in the upper airway were the first line of defense against sinus infections. However, the ability of the receptor to kill harmful toxins and pathogens was blocked when the sweet taste receptors were also triggered. An earlier study reported that glucose and other sugars triggered the sweet taste receptors. But the new study led by scientists at the Perelman School of Medicine of the University of Pennsylvania reported that amino acids could also trigger the sweet taste receptors. The new research could pave the way toward novel treatments for chronic sinus infections. The study findings were published in the journal Science Signaling.
A total of 132 unique antibiotic resistance genes (ARG) and 4 mobile genetic elements (MGEs) were detected in five fishmeal products. ARG abundance and diversity in the mariculture microcosm sediment were significantly increased by the addition of fishmeal, and trends in ARG patterns correlated with the resident bacterial community in sediment.
A new research finding is published in The Journal of Physiology. In this study, the researchers used a mouse model to show that in childhood absence epilepsy, brain activity is perturbed between seizures. They relate this to the underlying cognitive problems of the disease and assume this to persist despite treating seizures.
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of mortality from congenital disabilities affecting about one in every 100 babies. CHD patients remain at a higher risk of heart complications later in life, despite an increase in survival rates of infants due to advancements in surgery and care. The genetic cause underlying CHD is undefined, while a new study from the NHLBI Pediatric Cardiac Genomics Consortium (PGCG) uncovered the genetic causes of cases of CHD and the long-term effects for patients with these mutations.
The researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital published their study findings in Nature Genetics.
In a pilot study, the researchers from the Center for Brain Health demonstrated that cognitive training improved in innovative thinking and brain responses in older patients (age ≥55 years). The specific strategic cognitive training program improved innovation in healthy adults, where the ability to synthesize complex information and generate a multitude of high-level interpretations was evaluated. The findings were published in Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience .