All news from Anaesthesiology

Gallstone and Weight Loss Surgeries: Complications with Time

Based on cross-matched data from the Swedish Register for Cholecystectomy and Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (GallRiks; 79,000 patients) and the Scandinavian Obesity Surgery Registry (SOReg; 36,000 patients) from 2007 to 2013, complication rates, reoperation rates and operation times related to the timing of RYGB and cholecystectomy were explored in this study. When gallbladder removed in obese patients followed by weight-loss surgery may have fewer complications if they get the gallbladder procedure first.

Transplanted Hematopoietic Stem Cells: Damage Caused by Neuro-Muscular Disorder Reversed

The research was led by the Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine. They reported that a single infusion of wild-type hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) into a mouse model of Friedreich's ataxia (FA) restored the cellular damage caused by the degenerative disease. Transplantation of hematopoietic stem cells led to a potential therapeutic approach for the diseases that are incurable. The study findings are published online in Science Translational Medicine.

Exosomes: Missing Link to Insulin Resistance in Type 2 Diabetes

Insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes are known to be caused by chronic tissue inflammation resulting from obesity; however, the mechanism involved is unclear. The researchers from University of California San Diego School of Medicine identified exosomes to participate in the mechanism. The study was published in the journal Cell.

Polycystic ovarian syndrome: Better diagnosis is required

Women between the ages of 16-29 are recruited via Facebook, and the study was Australia's first to quantify PCOS, this is the first to target specifically this age group. In the study, three hundred young women took part. Diagnosis of the condition, which is the most common endocrine abnormality in reproductive-aged women, said 8% of the respondents.