All news from Anaesthesiology

Visualization Of The CRISPR-Cas9 Genetic Engineering Mechanism

A technique used in genetic engineering is the CRISPR-Cas9 nuclease system. DNA can be cut at a desired site using this system, where genes can be deleted or added. The site is targeted by a 'guide RNA' molecule bound to the Cas9 protein. A team led by Mikihiro Shibata from Kanazawa University and Osamu Nureki from the University of Tokyo visualized the dynamics of the CRISPR-Cas9 complex, using high-speed atomic force microscopy.

IBS Colon Reacts Differently to Bacteria

The study published in the scientific journal Gastroenterology, investigated Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) using living bacteria. The researchers at Linkoping University in Sweden led the study; they showed that the intestinal barrier of patients with IBS allows bacteria to pass more freely than in healthy people.

Medicare Uncovers ‘Skeletal’ Site for Hospice Comparison Shopping

The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) launched Hospice Compare, a consumer-focused website. It allows families to compare about three hospice agencies at a time, among 3,876 nationwide and the site aims to improve transparency and empower families to “take ownership of their health,” at hospitals and nursing homes, according to a press release.

Very-low-calorie Diets could Potentially Reverse Diabetes, Indicates New Study

According to the recent prediction by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, one in every three Americans would develop type 2 diabetes by 2050. Various reports show the reduction in patients who have undergone bariatric weight-loss surgery, a process that restricts the caloric intake to achieve a clinically significant weight loss. Research on mice showed that cutting daily calorie intake by 75% lowered blood sugar levels and decreased fat content.