A new study published in the October issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology revealed that women with uterine leiomyomas, who undergo uterine artery embolization, are at higher risk of additional surgery including hysterectomy, but lower risk for complications compared with those undergoing myomectomy.
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According to a study published in recent issue of the Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, a novel approach improves diagnosis time with enhanced accuracy for Salmonella infections. In case of animals, fast clinical diagnoses allow veterinarians to quickly quarantine an infected animal.
A new research study on the increasing United States opioid epidemic reported that deaths from overdoses have increased by two times in the last seven years. Increased critical care costs and hospitalizations are adding to the healthcare economic crisis.
Japan scientists reported that serum levels of pentosidine [advanced glycation end products (AGEs)] and endogenous secretory receptor for advanced glycation end products (esRAGE) could predict fragility fractures in senior men. The study was reported in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.
In collaboration with researchers at Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Biochemists at Goethe University Frankfurt and the Max Planck Institute of Biophysics have uncovered the inner workings of a complex molecular machine in cells. The MHC-1 complex pre-selects and transmits information to the immune system in order to fight viruses, bacteria, parasites, and cancers.
Caltech scientists have developed a prototype microscale device that could be used in smart pills to diagnose and treat diseases. The location of the device could be accurately identified within the body which was challenging earlier. A paper describing the new device appears in the September issue of the journal Nature Biomedical Engineering.
Researchers developed a new type of eyedropper that could deliver tiny droplets of medication and treat the eye more accurately than conventional eyedroppers while reducing waste and avoiding dangerous side effects. The technology had the potential to treat especially dry eye and glaucoma, for which patients require daily use of medicated eyedrops. The research was presented at the American Academy of Ophthalmology.
Researchers developed a synthetic compound called SUW133 in lab animals that wake up latent virus cells and initiated the virus to replicate so that either the immune system or the virus itself would kill the cell harbouring HIV. The study outcomes were published in the peer-reviewed journal PLOS Pathogens.
Phase I clinical trial shows more than a quarter of patients with recurrent high-grade glioma, a form of brain cancer, were alive more than three years after treatment. High-grade glioma is a lethal form brain cancer. Globally, around 160,000 people diagnosed with high-grade gliomas every year.
Tuberculosis treatment requires a combination of several drugs to be administered. Fluoroquinolones are sometimes included in the therapy. The researchers have demonstrated that moxifloxacin outperforms two other commonly used fluoroquinolones, using computer simulations. The study has been published in PLOS Computational Biology.
According to a Canadian-led study, the perioperative aspirin could prevent heart attack or other heart-related complications caused after major noncardiac surgery in patients with previous percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), which includes angioplasty or stent.
Non-smoker using e-cigarette with nicotine might increase adrenaline level in the heart, according to a recent study carried at the University of California, Los Angeles.