A study stated that a novel treatment which mimics a clotting enzyme was effective, safe, and could eliminate the requirement of blood products for people with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). The study was published in Blood, the Journal of the American Society of Hematology (ASH).
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The Swedish researchers of the Human Pathology Atlas launched a new Pathology Atlas subsequently by analyzing all human genes in all major cancers which affected the protein levels and related patients’ survival. In the study, the difference in expression patterns of individual cancers compelled to personalized cancer treatment based on precision medicine.
Researchers from the UNC School of Medicine and North Carolina State University (NCSU) have developed a treatment for several lung conditions using stem cell therapy. The promising therapy has the potential to treat idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and cystic fibrosis, which affect millions. This has been published in the journal Respiratory Research.
In the research published in the JAMA Internal Medicine, the impact of antibiotics on patients from The Johns Hopkins Hospital was studied. Around 1500 adult patients were examined, and it was noted that adverse side effects occurred in a fifth of them, and about a fifth of those side effects occurred in patients who didn’t prefer antibiotics in the first place. The risks and benefits of the antibiotics, as well as evidence that the antibiotics were not benign, were acknowledged in the study.
In the study published in Science Signaling, the researchers elucidated the role of immunoresolvents in blood coagulation using a novel profiling technique, developed by the investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital.
Margaret Greenwood-Erickson, MPH of the Department of Emergency Medicine at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, call for partnership between emergency medicine and primary care to reverse the trend of failing health in underserved parts of the country. The study published in Annals of Emergency Medicine suggests a novel healthcare delivery model to meet unique rural healthcare needs.
A new study by the researchers from Perlmutter Cancer Center at NYU Langone Health was presented at the annual meeting of the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO). A higher-dose, shorter form of hypo-fractionated radiation is safe, effective, and no more damaging to the breast tissue or skin of breast cancer patients.
The virologists from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln have identified a mutation in the Zika virus that could confer the lethality associated with infection ; the study was issued in the Journal of Virology.
Rural or urban setting linked to the type of firearm injury among children and adolescents
According to a recent study, pediatric firearm injury is linked to demographics – whether the child lives in the city or rural region.
The researchers from the Swedish Medical Nanoscience Center at Karolinska Institute reported that conducting plastics found in smartphone screens could be used to trick the pathogenic bacterial metabolism. The study was published in the scientific journal npj Biofilms and Microbiomes. Addition or removal of electrons from the plastic surface could trick the bacteria to grow more or less. The method could support to prevent bacterial infections in hospitals or improve effectiveness in wastewater management.
According to a recent study published online in Archives of Disease in Childhood, appendectomy is considered as the best choice for uncomplicated appendicitis in children, rather than conventional treatment with the antibiotic.
The scientists reported that a point-of-care test for C-reactive protein (CRP) could diagnose tuberculosis in people with HIV and low CD4-cell counts who started antiretroviral therapy (ART).