All news from Anaesthesiology

Effects of Noninvasive Ventilation and Oxygen in Acute Exacerbation of COPD

Noninvasive Ventilation is the standard of care for treating patients hospitalized for COPD exacerbation. Some research suggests that home-based NIV added to usual care following hospitalization may also benefit some patients, but results are conflicting, and it is unclear whether or not benefits may be most apparent in specific groups. A recent trial assessed home-based NIV following hospitalization for acute decompensated hypercapnic exacerbation of COPD that required NIV in the hospital. This trial demonstrated that the addition of home-based NIV to oxygen therapy might reduce the risk of the composite outcome of hospital readmission or death within 12 months among adults recently hospitalized for COPD exacerbation who had persistent hypercapnia and hypoxemia.

New cancer drugs can extend or improve life, evidences unclear

The majority of cancer drugs approved in Europe (2009-2013) found to improve survival or quality of life for patients were often based on poor evidence. The results of a study conducted by King's College London and the London School of Economics indicate that the benefits of many of these drugs over existing drugs are marginal.

Antibiotics and Biocidal Cleaners Associated with Multidrug Resistance in MRSA

A new study published in the Applied and Environmental Microbiology, reported that use of antibiotics on humans and animals, and use of biocidal cleaning products such as bleach was linked to multidrug resistance in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in the home. The contamination of the home environment might contribute to reinfection of both humans and animals with MRSA, and to subsequent failure of treatment.