All news from Anaesthesiology

Tuberculosis chemoprophylaxis value in HIV-infected people revealed by the trial

The tuberculosis chemoprophylaxis in HIV-infected people was more than ever relevant in resource-limited countries, showed by lasting follow-up in the ANRS TEMPRANO trial. The prophylactic drugs use decreased mortality, even among people taking antiretroviral treatment who have a high CD4+ T cell count. The outcomes of ANRS TEMPRANO trial encouraged countries where the tuberculosis burden was high to apply the relevant WHO recommendations.

Photoplethysmography can Accurately Measure Blood Pressure

A third of adults in the U.S. were diagnosed with high blood pressure. Automatic blood pressure devices are used to assess blood pressure levels, but these are prone to significant errors and in turn, result in the unrequired prescription of anti-hypertensive agents. A technique for accurate assessment of systolic blood pressure has been developed by researchers at the Jerusalem College of Technology and the Shaare Zedek Medical Center in Israel. Their findings were unveiled at the APS Cardiovascular Aging: New Frontiers and Old Friends conference in Westminster, Colo.

Metabolic Syndrome Linked to Disability due to Low Back Pain

A new published in the International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health ( IJOMEH ) elucidated that metabolic syndrome (MetS) was independently linked to disability due to low back pain (LBP) in care workers. In the study, the researchers had found a relationship between MetS and the level of disability due to LBP. A combination of physical exercise and nutritional therapy required to resolve MetS.

Sinusitis Improved After 10 years of Smoking Cessation

According to the new study published online in Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, individuals with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) who quit smoking will see their condition improve over a period of about 10 years. This study for the first time quantified the severity of the symptoms and ill effects of smoking as well as estimated the time required for reversal of smoking effects on sinuses after cessation. These findings may provide better motivation for patients with CRS to quit smoking.

Role of Traumatic Experiences in Vascular and Heart Diseases

A new study presented at The North American Menopause Society (NAMS) Annual Meeting in Philadelphia, shows the impact of traumatic experiences on vascular health and heart diseases.

Today it seems about everything has been shown to lead to cardiac diseases. Of course, smoking is bad for you, as is high blood pressure. There's a lot of evidence that psychosocial factors could cause heart-related problems.

Physicists Create Barium-oxygen-calcium Molecule TO Break the Octet Rule

University of California – Los Angeles (UCLA) physicists discovered a method to create a unique new molecule, the barium-oxygen-calcium (BaOCa+) which could ultimately have applications in medicine, food science and other fields. The study published in the journal Science, also reported that with the aid of physics tools, scientists showed how chemical reactions could be studied on a microscopic scale.