Adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD), an X-linked genetic disease results in adrenal insufficiency and leads to the build-up of fatty acids that damage the myelin sheaths of nerves. The most devastating form of the disease is cerebral adrenoleukodystrophy (CALD) which is seen in young boys and marked by inflammation and demyelination in the brain.
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In America, > 2,000,000 people have been diagnosed with a sexually transmitted disease (STD) including infections such as gonorrhea, syphilis, and Chlamydia in 2016, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have stated. The survey has revealed that this is one of the highest numbers that have been detected until now.
The researchers investigated the effects of cooperativity in a host population, between contagion processes that spread and persist. The investigators presented an extension of the traditional Susceptible-Infected-Susceptible (SIS) model used for modelling single contagion processes in the New Journal of Physics.
Experts at the Johns Hopkins University, in collaboration with Cleveland Clinic and NYU Langone Medical Center conducted randomized clinical trials to endorse recommendations for blood transfusions. The findings also provide a guide for launching a patient blood management program and were published in the JAMA Internal Medicine.
Professor Talbot at Institut national de la Recherche Scientifique (INRS) in collaboration with research associate Marc Desforges worked on adaptation and evolution of coronaviruses and discovered a factor in their ability to survive. Coronaviruses are responsible for the common cold as well as many other infections, including neurological diseases. The findings of the study were recently published in Nature Communications.
According to researchers, a unique peptide called θ-defensin 1 (RTD-1), only found in Old World monkeys, could be a new and powerful therapy for rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune disease. The peptide had the potential to stop or even reverse the rheumatoid arthritis progression. The study was published in PLOS ONE.
A new study published in the journal Spine reports that, most malpractice cases associated with durotomy end in a ruling in favor of the surgeon. However, according to research, certain types of durotomy cases are more possibly resolved in favor of the patient, particularly when durotomy was detected late or causes more-severe injury.
In a study published in Social Science & Medicine, the researchers have reported that the neighborhood’s quality has significant and long-term effects on child and adolescent behavior problems. The children show those behaviors during elementary and teenage years. The study results could aid to inform national, state, and local housing policy and community investment decisions.
According to a study published online in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America, it was found that scrubs (with antimicrobial properties) worn by the nurses were not effective in preventing the bacterial contamination from occurring.
A new study published in the journal Reproductive Toxicology revealed that genistein exposure before fecundity could affect negatively on female fertility and pregnancy outcomes, but it depends on the dosage and duration of exposure. Hence women should be careful about their exposure to such phytoestrogen drugs, especially before they conceive.
To influence magnetotactic bacteria to swim against strong magnetic currents, researchers from Queens University, used magnetic fields. In order to deliver drugs in an environment with complex microflows like the human bloodstream, investigators tapped the potential of these microscopic organisms.
According to a recent survey published in Preventive Medicine, teenagers who try to use e-cigarettes may be at double the risk of developing the addiction to smoking tobacco cigarettes.