Researchers have shown the link of inhaling polluted air to significant health conditions (heart disease, stroke, cancer, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). The present research conducted at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the Veterans Affairs (VA) St. Louis Health Care System, includes kidney diseases for being caused by breathing dirty air. The study is published in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.
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The new approach, for controlling mosquitoes in 20 states and District of Columbia has been approved by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the approach is known as the use of biopesticide, i.e., the use of Wolbachia bacterial-infected mosquitoes. Thus, the approach would aid to eradicate mosquitoes that spread viral illnesses such as Dengue, Chikungunya, Zika, etc.
A new study published in the journal Gastroenterology, revealed that bile ducts malformation could cause serious liver disease in children with Alagille Syndrome. Using a mouse model the researchers found a new biomarker for bile duct malformation that could provide a way for development of new therapy.
A new study published in the recent issue of the journal Molecular Cancer Research revealed that adipocytes or fat cells could absorb and metabolize the chemotherapeutic drug daunorubicin, resulting in the reduced efficacy of the drug, ultimately leads to the worst treatment outcomes.
According to researchers from United States and Ireland, thinning of gamma-irradiated sterile cornea (GISC) patch grafts exposes the tube followed by the aqueous drainage devices (ADDs) surgery.
After differences in implementation and settings were accounted for, two important prostate cancer screening trials provide compatible evidence that screening reduces prostate cancer mortality. These findings suggest that current guidelines recommending against routine prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based screening may be revised. However, questions remain about how to implement screening so that the benefits outweigh the potential harms of over diagnosis and overtreatment. The findings are published in Annals of Internal Medicine.
Hypometabolism associated with nutritional status in patients with prodromal and early Alzheimer's disease
New research from the Multimodal Neuroimaging for AD Diagnosis (MULNIAD) study, implemented at the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology (NCGG), showed the association between decreased glucose metabolism in the medial prefrontal areas and Alzheimer's disease-related weight loss, and reduced fat mass might take part in it. The study published in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease
According to the phase III RANGE trial, combination of ramucirumab and docetaxel improved progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with advanced or metastatic urothelial cancer who had progressed on platinum-based chemotherapy. The study was published in The Lancet.
In a study published in JAMA Surgery, the scientists had reported a high rate of anemia a decade after patients received Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. The study advised that long-term follow-up with a bariatric specialist is imperative to reduce the risk of anemia.
According to new research from The Australian National University (ANU), there were flaws in the method used in forensic science to determine whether skeletal remains were of the person who has given birth, published in the Journal of Forensic Sciences.
Researchers from Loyola University Chicago has discovered bicaudal D2 protein, which helps the virus to travel so fast. They found that virus could be detected by the viral defense system when the virus becomes stranded in the cytoplasm. The depletion of the protein results in the virus to become stranded in the cytoplasm. The study was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
According to the study published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal, ibuprofen was found to be better than oral morphine for pain relief in children after minor orthopaedic outpatient surgery. Ibuprofen has fewer adverse effects than oral morphine.