All news from Anaesthesiology

Air pollution may cause damage to kidneys: Study

Researchers have shown the link of inhaling polluted air to significant health conditions (heart disease, stroke, cancer, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). The present research conducted at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the Veterans Affairs (VA) St. Louis Health Care System, includes kidney diseases for being caused by breathing dirty air. The study is published in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

PSA screening considerably reduces prostate cancer mortality

After differences in implementation and settings were accounted for, two important prostate cancer screening trials provide compatible evidence that screening reduces prostate cancer mortality. These findings suggest that current guidelines recommending against routine prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based screening may be revised. However, questions remain about how to implement screening so that the benefits outweigh the potential harms of over diagnosis and overtreatment. The findings are published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Hypometabolism associated with nutritional status in patients with prodromal and early Alzheimer's disease

New research from the Multimodal Neuroimaging for AD Diagnosis (MULNIAD) study, implemented at the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology (NCGG), showed the association between decreased glucose metabolism in the medial prefrontal areas and Alzheimer's disease-related weight loss, and reduced fat mass might take part in it. The study published in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease