All news from Anaesthesiology

Heart Disease Risk Factors Could Reduce Walking Speed in Older Adults

A new study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society exposed the association between heart disease risk factors and walking difficulties in older adults. The walking speed of elderly people could help predict their chronic illness, hospitalization, and even death. So the provision of potential treatment for heart-related risk factors could help the older adults to improve their physical activity.

Unique Pattern of Brain Inflammation Explains the Neurocognitive Impairment in HIV Patients

Scientists analyzed the brains of monkeys, for searching of pathology neurocognitive inflammation in monkeys infected with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) and treated with cART.  The new study was published in The American Journal of Pathology. Most of the SIV-infected macaque brains showed signs of unusual lymphocyte-dominant inflammation. This suggests that persistent neuroinflammation may cause cognitive problems in cART-treated HIV patients.

Living kidney donation: Revised strategies

The research team led by Dr. Scott Klarenbach, University of Alberta, evaluated and summarized the few existing strategies to increase living kidney donation. Educational strategies directed to recipients and their close social network evidenced as the successful one.

Proprietary Chinese Medicines and Health Products Adulteration could have Serious Health Consequences

Traditional Chinese medicines are widely used as a complementary medicine in worldwide for various indications and for improving general health. Previously it was believed that proprietary Chinese medicines (pCMs) were natural and safe. However, the new research revealed that pCMs cause serious health hazards. The study was published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.   

Vaccination: Huge drop in early cervical cancer signs noted

The introduction of a vaccination programme has reduced to half the number of young Scottish women showing early signs of potential cervical cancer. Vaccination against Human Papilloma Virus reduced the abnormal cervical screening tests 20 years prior than anticipated. The research by the University of Aberdeen recommended.

General anaesthesia: Mechanism can be better understood by statistical analysis

The new research explained the biggest mysteries of modern medicine and science; the mechanisms by which anesthetic drugs induced the state of general anesthesia. Emery Brown a statistician and a practicing anesthesiologist, the Edward Hood Taplin Professor of Medical Engineering and of Computational Neuroscience at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and the Warren M. Zapol Professor of Anaesthesia at Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital had presented new insight involved in directing and evaluating experiments in the field on July 31, 2017 at Joint Statistical Meetings (JSM).

Physical Stress in Premature Neonates Combined with Separation from Mothers may have Long-term Effects into Adulthood

New research published in the American Journal of Physiology-; Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology (AJPRICP), suggested that physiological stress in preemies combined with separation from their moms could have lasting effects into adulthood. The researchers in clinical studies found that these factors increased the risk of obesity and insulin resistance, leading to metabolic disorders such as metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Liquid biopsy a precise tool for detection of tumor of the retina

Retinoblastoma, a tumor of the retina, usually affects children (age < five years) that could result in loss of one or both eyes and could be fatal. Retinoblastoma tumors could not be directly biopsied. Retinoblastoma’s genetic origin had recognized, but ocular oncologists had not been able to use the genetic information to optimize treatment as they could only access the tumor when the affected eye was removed (called enucleation) in the course of treatment.