All news from Anaesthesiology

Innovative dental imaging technique using squid ink measures periodontal health

Squid ink used to make black pasta could help the dentist to check gum disease less tedious and even painless. Engineers at the University of California San Diego had developed an innovative dental imaging method (non-invasive, more comprehensive and more accurate) by combining squid ink with light and ultrasound and examined a patient's gums. The study was published in the Journal of Dental Research.

Effective Non-medical Approaches for Dementia Patients

A report was published in Lancet Commission on Dementia Prevention and Care and presented at the Alzheimer's Association International Conference (AAIC) 2017. It stated that 33% of the world's dementia cases could be prevented by controlling lifestyle factors such as hearing loss, smoking, hypertension, and depression. The advantageous effects of nonpharmacologic interventions such as social contact and exercise for dementia patients were also pointed out. 

Delayed diagnosis affects women’s treatment for heart disease

In the U.S, CAD is the leading cause of death in both genders. In 2015, nearly 366,000 individuals died from CAD, estimated by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). In a new study, less complete surgical revascularization with arterial grafts was received by women than men. Delayed diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD) in women, not gender was known to contribute to the differences in treatment. The study was published in The Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

Study Explores Relationship of the Nicotine-Gut-Brain Interactions

People who smoke or chew tobacco found difficulties to get free from nicotine's addictive properties. Despite the assistance, women find it more difficult to quit than men, studies reported. In a mouse study, the researchers have shown that the influence of nicotine on the brain-gut relationship could be responsible for the difference in gender smoking patterns and smoking's effects.  The study has been published in ACS' journal Chemical Research in Toxicology.