A study published in PeerJ reported that researchers examined swabs taken by astronauts on the International Space Station (ISS) and compared them with samples from homes on earth and the Human Microbiome Project. The study findings reported that the microbial community on the ISS was very different and more closely resembled that of homes than of humans.
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A new study published in the journal Nature Medicine explored a new molecular pathway essential for acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) development. The study findings shed light on the RNA methylation targeted treatment for myeloid leukaemia.
A drug compound was able to treat diseases of the retina, which will be administered by ophthalmic drops instead of intraocular injections. The Spanish firm Sylentis has established this drug compound and even tested on animals. The drug is a small interfering RNA capable of penetrating the cells of the retina and blocking the formation of new blood vessels.
A new study from the School of Medicine has developed a new way of folding proteins and protecting recombinant proteins. Protein-in-a-protein technology can improve functional proteins by 100-fold and protect recombinant proteins from heat, strong chemicals and proteolysis. This was published in the journal Nature Communications.
Even though healthcare experts have identified the benefits of integrated sepsis care programs, the potential inadvertent consequences of the programs were less known. However, new research published in the American Journal of Infection Control (AJIC) suggested that electronic sepsis screenings and treatment protocols could increase the use of certain broad-spectrum antibiotics and healthcare facility-onset (HCFO) C. difficile infection (CDI) rates.
The researchers from Japan developed an effective technology, called the refrigeration preservation technology. This was beneficial to maintain the fertilization functionality of mouse sperm for 10 days. While with the aid of an innovative technology, the preservation period of the sperm was extended successfully up to 10 days. The results of the study are published in the journal Biology of Reproduction.
Infant mortality is one of the biggest problems faced in India. Besides, there are several challenges India’s public health system is facing. The experts presently aim to improve preventable deaths of newborns and under-5s by 2030. To overcome other challenges, the Government of India has introduced many health interventions and appointed female community health workers in villages across the country under the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM).
A new study led by AllerGen researchers in Quebec, Ontario, and Alberta established that accidental exposures to a known food allergen frequently occur in children. The study findings reveal that a majority of food-induced anaphylaxis reactions occur in the presence of adults other than the child's parents. This has been published in the November issue of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology.
Monkeys who catch Zika virus through bites from infected mosquitoes develop infections that look like human Zika cases and may help researchers understand the many ways Zika can be transmitted.
A technology declared could improve patient cure rates and survival time. Prabhas V. Moghe said, "We've always had this dream that we can track the progression of cancer in real time, and that's what we've done here." "We've tracked the disease in its very incipient stages." This was published in Nature Biomedical Engineering.
A new study presented at the 59th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting and Exposition in Atlanta, revealed that an investigational drug, BLU-285 that targets genetic mutation called, KIT D816V, exhibits rapid and durable responses with few adverse effects in patient with an advanced or aggressive form of systemic mastocytosis (AdvSM).
Researchers from Sahlgrenska University Hospital developed a novel treatment with romosozumab for osteoporosis, which provides major improvements in bone density and more effective protection against fractures than the current standard treatment. The above study is the first that compares the effect of two osteoporosis medicines on fractures. The findings of the study published in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM).