The prevention of dengue, the most prevalent mosquito-borne virus in the world, relies heavily on controlling mosquito populations, as the currently available dengue vaccine is only partially effective. Indoor spraying — which involves spraying of insecticides inside houses — has the potential to be a key part of those prevention efforts, researchers report.The study is published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.
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In a new study published in the Annals of Oncology, the researchers have discovered that testing skin cancer patients' blood for tumour DNA could predict the likelihoods of aggressive cancer returning.The study findings could pave the way to identifying patients who are most at risk of their disease returning, and who might benefit from new immunotherapy treatments.
Scientists from the University of Granada have conducted a novel study in mice which revealed that neurons mediating joint pain are different from those mediating cutaneous pain.
In a new research, published in the EC Anesthesia Special Issue, the researchers have analyzed the challenges of using opioids, anti-depressants, anti-inflammatory drugs and topical and injectable agents to treat pain among the old people.
Audiology researchers at Auburn University in Alabama have found that in such demanding environments, both children and adults depend more on their right ear for processing and retaining what they hear. Danielle Sacchinelli will present this research with her colleagues at the 174th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America,
Evolution acts on changes in the phenotype, which occur when mutations change the underlying genotype. But the changes to the phenotype that can be produced by mutations is not without bounds. Researchers found that in a gene regulatory system in the bacterium Escherichia coli, the more components that are mutated, the more freely the system can evolve.
Tumor biology measured by advanced MRI and positron emission tomography (PET) imaging, which may precede anatomical changes of the tumor volume, is promising. Imaging biomarkers capable of predicting response at an early time point after treatment initiation are the premise of personalized treatment enabling change or discontinuation of therapy to prevent ineffective treatment or adverse events of treatment.
An overview of applicable PET tracers for the therapy response assessment in GB and the determination of tumor recurrence versus treatment-related effects is given.
A new study led by UCL researchers have shown that, although it is a common problem, doctors struggle to manage anxiety in their critically ill patients. The findings emphasize the key issues in terms of how anxiety is assessed and managed in critically ill patients, including; infrequent use of screening tools, poor access to mental health services, and wide variations in prescribing practice.
A new study published in the journal Science has shown the past history of minor bacterial infections that could increase with age to cause a severe inflammatory disease.
Studies on postoperative pain management in the PACU were reviewed for the advances in assessments and treatments. More objective assessments of pain being independent of patients’ participation may be potentially appropriate in the PACU, including photoplethysmography-derived parameters, analgesia nociception index, skin conductance, and pupillometry, although further studies are needed to confirm their utilities. Multimodal analgesia with different analgesics and techniques has been widely used.
In their study involving a cohort of military recruits, Kiuru et al reported that only 40% of the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings suggestive of a low-grade bone stress injury correlated with clinical symptoms.
Neuroscientists studying sports-related head injuries have found that it takes less than a full concussion to cause memory loss, possibly because even mild trauma can interrupt the production of new neurons in a region of the brain responsible for memory.
The findings were presented at the Society for Neuroscience's annual conference, Neuroscience 2017.