All news from Anaesthesiology

Topical Analgesics Provides Safe, Effective Treatment for Pain Management

Clarity Science, a division of Safe Harbor Compliance and Clinical Services LLC, report results of the Institutional Review Board (IRB) – approved Optimizing Patient Experience and Response to Topical Analgesics (OPERA) Study which evaluated patients with chronic pain who were treated with topical analgesics. Overall results, published in the Journal of Pain Research, suggest that topical treatments may provide an effective and safer treatment alternative to opioids and prescription NSAIDs for the management of chronic pain.

Cerebral Blood Flow Altered In Brains of Preterm Newborns vs. Full-Term Infants

According to a prospective, observational study  Cerebral blood flow (CBF) of key regions of newborns' brains is altered in very premature infants and may provide an early warning sign of disturbed brain maturation well before such injury is visible on conventional imaging . Blood, oxygen and nutrients follow function, with more flowing to rapidly developing brain regions. The study was published in  The Journal of Pediatrics .

Antithrombotics Associated With Decreased Risk of Intraocular Bleeding

Novel antithrombotics such as dabigatran or rivaroxaban are associated, in some instances, with a decreased risk of intraocular hemorrhage compared with traditional anticoagulant therapy, researchers suggest. As reported in JAMA Ophthalmology. Dr. Brian VanderBeek of the University of Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia, and colleagues retrospectively conducted two separate analyses of intraocular bleeding risk using data from a large U.S. insurance claims database.

Researchers Used Artificial Intelligence for Quick and Accurate Identification of Bacteria

Microscopes enhanced with artificial intelligence (AI) could help clinical microbiologists diagnose potentially deadly blood infections and improve patients' odds of survival, according to a study published in the Journal of Clinical Microbiology. The scientists demonstrated that an automated AI-enhanced microscope system is "highly adept" at identifying images of bacteria quickly and accurately.

Trachoma: Judging a 'clean face' for it

Part of the control strategy for trachoma — repeated eye infections caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis — is facial cleanliness. Now, researchers reporting on PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases have shown that properly trained graders can reliably reproduce assessments of facial cleanliness. The findings suggest that measures of facial cleanliness can be added to trachoma surveys in the developing countries where the infection is a public health problem.

Crohn's Disease: Dysfunctional Gene May Be Culprit in Some Cases

Now, a new study from the biologist Mark Sundrud, Ph.D., on the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute (TSRI), provides evidence that circulating immune cells may similarly adapt when they enter different tissues, which are like different environments in our bodies. Moreover, the researchers found that inability to adapt may lead to disease. The research was published in the journal Immunity .

Magnetic fields of bacterial cells and magnetic nano-objects were studied

Research proved for the first time that the magnetic fields of bacterial cells and magnetic Nano-objects in liquid can be studied at high resolution using electron microscopy. Principle of this allows for observation of liquid environment phenomena and have potential to develop in many scientific fields, such as areas of physics, nanotechnology, biofuels conversion, biomedical engineering, catalysis, batteries and pharmacology.