All news from Anaesthesiology

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients, Initial blood pH noted

In the present study, the relationship between blood laboratory test results during CPR and outcomes of OHCA patients was investigated.Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients whose arrests were witnessed by a bystander, who underwent cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by a layperson, and who experienced early defibrillation owing to initial shockable rhythm are expected to survive after resuscitation.

Expensive 3-D Mammography Provides Better Screening than Digital Mammography

Although 3-D mammography or digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT), costs more than a digital mammography (DM) screening, it actually may help rein in cancer screening costs, according to preliminary findings (PD7-05) presented by researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania during the 2017 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium.The group analyzed 46,483 screening episodes — a single screening mammogram and all subsequent breast diagnosis related costs for the following year — in two hospitals within the University of Pennsylvania Health System in 2012 and 2013

Teenage misbehavior and increased air pollution are linked

A new study linking higher levels of air pollution to increased teenage delinquency is a reminder of the importance of clean air and the need for more foliage in urban spaces. The study suggests ambient air pollution may increase delinquent behavior among 9- to 18-year-olds in urban neighborhoods in Greater Los Angeles. The insidious effects are compounded by poor parent-child relationships and parental mental and social distress, researchers report. The findings are published in the Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

Gut microbes worsen neurodegenerative conditions

University of Louisville neurology professor Robert P. Friedland, M.D., and Matthew R. Chapman, Ph.D., professor at the University of Michigan, have proposed a new term to describe an interaction between gut microbiota and the brain in an article released in PLOS Pathogens. Friedland hopes that giving the process a name will facilitate awareness of the process, as well as research leading to therapeutic opportunities.

Scientists Identifies New Genetic Loci Associated with Asthma Risk

An international study led by scientists from Inserm and Paris Diderot University (France), the University of Chicago (USA), the National Heart and Lung Institute (UK) and the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (USA) together with researchers from the Trans -National Asthma Genetics Consortium (TAGC) has discovered five new regions of the genome that increase the risk of asthma. This study was published in the December issue of  Nature Genetics .

Vitamin Deficiency in Elderly

One in two persons aged 65 and above has suboptimal levels of vitamin D in the blood, according to a study led conducted by researchers at the Helmholtz Zentrum München, as part of the population-based KORA-Age study in the region of Augsburg. Moreover, as the authors of the study report in the peer-reviewed journalNutrients, one in four older adults have suboptimal vitamin B12 levels.