All news from Anaesthesiology

A quarter of hip fractures analyzed by screening

A new study published today in The Lancet reveals that a simple questionnaire, combined with bone mineral density measurements for some, would help identify those at risk of hip fracture. The research, which involved more than 12,000 older women, found that screening through GP practices allowed patients to be targeted for treatment. In women agreeing to participate, this led to a 28% reduction in hip fractures over five years.

Scientists Make Research Hydrogel Grow More Like Biological Tissues

Scientists from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) have found a way to direct the growth of hydrogel, a jelly-like substance, to mimic plant or animal tissue structure and shapes. The findings published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences suggest new applications in areas such as tissue engineering and soft robotics where hydrogel is commonly used. 

Neural network can be learned quickly by Memristors power

Research team have created the reservoir computing system, this work has taken place in electrical engineering and computer science at the University of Michigan. It’s a new method, the type of neural network, this network called as a reservoir computing system. This is made with memristors could theoretically improve the efficiency of machines to think like human. This has been recently published in Nature Communications.

Saliva Molecules could Diagnose and Predict Length of Concussions

According to new research published in JAMA Pediatrics, molecules in saliva might be able to diagnose, predict the length of concussions in children. Researchers measured the levels of microRNAs in the saliva of concussion patients. The team found that the presence of certain microRNAs in saliva was able to better identify concussions and more accurately predict the length of concussion symptoms than relying solely on patient surveys.

Pluripotent stem cells: higher-order embryonic kidney structures were reproduced

The regenerative medicine researchers from Kumamoto University's Institute of Molecular Embryology and Genetics (IMEG) in Japan are working toward the goal of producing a fully functional kidney. To do so, it is important to reconstruct higher-order kidney structures from PSCs. They group has developed a method of using PSCs to induce production of ureteric buds, the progenitors of branched collecting ducts, and has succeeded in reproducing the higher-order structure of the kidney.

Repeated mild food poisoning triggers chronic disease

The researcher Jamey Marth, Together they began this long-term study with a radically different hypothesis to investigate the origin of chronic inflammatory diseases spanning colitis and IBD.These new findings may also help identify the long-mysterious origins of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and the study was appeared in the journal Science