All news from Anaesthesiology

Self-fertilizing fish have surprising amount of genetic diversity

Mangrove killifish flourishes in both freshwater and water with twice as much salt as the ocean. It can live up to two months on land, breathing through its skin, before returning to the water with a series of spectacular 180-degree flips. And it is one of only two vertebrates that fertilizes itself. It has a remarkable amount of genetic diversity across its species.The study findings are published in journal Genome

Patients bear the pain from Opioid Crisis

Ironically, the ratcheting down of opioid prescriptions may be aggravating the problems it was meant to reduce. An agency press release in the spring stated that a requirement to deny coverage above certain dose limits would not be implemented for 2018. This changes response to a letter signed by 83 professionals, including four who worked on the CDC guideline.This is published in Boston Globe health

Chronic lung disease treatment in New Zealand: Often not consistent with international guidelines

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), often known as emphysema and usually caused by smoking, is a common cause of hospital admissions and death and affects an estimated 100,000 people in New Zealand. University of Otago researchers have found that the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in New Zealand frequently does not conform to international guidelines.

nuclear medicine imaging system(SPECT) using a ray-tracing back-projector.

Monte Carlo simulations provide accurate models of nuclear medicine imaging systems as they can properly account for the full physics of photon transport.The accuracy of the model included in the maximum-likelihood-expectation-maximization (ML-EM)reconstruction limits the overall accuracy of the reconstruction results. In this paper, we present a Monte Carlo-based ML-EM reconstructionmethod for pinhole single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) that has been incorporated into the SIMIND Monte Carlo program.

Exposure to BPA during pregnancy is linked with offspring health problems

In a study on rabbits, the researchers observed that exposure to BPA during pregnancy caused chronic inflammation in the offspring's intestines and liver. The researchers also noted signs of increased gut permeability — or leaky gut — and a decrease in the diversity of gut bacteria and anti-inflammatory bacterial metabolites, such as short-chain fatty acids, said Jairam K.P. Vanamala, associate professor of food sciences, Penn State. The study was published in the mSystems

Michigan's Model Improve the Care of All Surgical Patients

Any chance to make surgery safer, and avoid complications could have a major impact on both the nation's health and bottom line. In a new paper in JAMA Surgery, a team from the University of Michigan lays out the case for a Value Partnership model that could do just that: the one that surgeons and nurses in 72 hospitals across Michigan have quietly built over the last decade.