Dr. Justin T. Tretter examined the most interesting finding was the correlation of clockwise aortic root rotation with lengthening of the central fibrous body under the aortic root, and hence increased fibrous as opposed to muscular support of the aortic root.
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An article published by JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery reported that participants in a web-based survey who viewed pictures of patients before and after rhinoplasty rated patients after surgery as more attractive, successful and overall healthier.
There is no evidence that retention in the brain of the element gadolinium is associated with adverse clinical outcomes like cognitive decline, according to a new study presented at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).
Eradication of guinea worm disease (dracunculiaisis), targeted by the World Health Organization (WHO) for the year 2015, is finally within reach, with only 25 reported human transmissions in 2016. Now, researchers writing in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases have re-asserted the cost-effectiveness of the global Guinea Worm Eradication Programme (GWEP), some thirty years after it started.
When communities and police work together to deter urban violence, they can achieve better outcomes with fewer resources than when each works in isolation, a simulation model created by researchers.?????The study is published online in journal Epidemiology, estimates the relative impact of two leading approaches to prevent violence: targeted policing, whereby police increase patrols in neighborhood violent hot spots, and a community-based strategy known as Cure Violence. They used "interrupters" and outreach workers to work with the friends and families of victims to identify, mediate and prevent further violence and retaliation.
In much the same way as dogs can be trained to detect some diseases through their keen sense of smell, technology can help create electronic devices capable of performing this same task. This is precisely what a team of researchers from the Gandia campus of Valencia's Polytechnic University and the La Fe Health Investigation Institute has achieved, developing a prototype of an electronic nose that can distinguish between patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.
UCLA researchers proposed that molecular mechanisms behind each disability in multiple sclerosis may differ, and that neuroprotective treatments tailored for each disability may be more effective than nonspecific treatments aiming to reduce a composite of different disabilities. The team focused on astrocytes, a type of brain cell that becomes activated in MS and plays several important roles in disease, examining gene expression in astrocytes in different regions. The study was appeared in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Repeated exposure to a variety of healthy foods during the prenatal period, infancy, and early childhood can boost healthy food intake. Varied diets and persistence in exposing infants and children to healthy foods, even when they do not like them at first, are key to promoting healthy eating behaviors. The study findings were published in Obesity Reviews
According to Researchers, they defined the cluster of “novel and unique physiologic and pathologic systemic and neuro-ocular responses recognized in astronauts during and after long-duration space flight,” known as space flight-associated neuro-ocular syndrome (SANS). Astronauts experiences the changes to the visual system that raise concerns about the possibility of vision loss during future manned missions to Mars or other destinations. This was published in JAMA Ophthalmology.
According to state data from 2016 in Arizona, resources were fighting with the opioid epidemic. An average of two people died every day in Arizona from opioid-related overdoses. Deaths due to heroin more than tripled from 2012 to 2016. While many states have syringe exchanges, only some have laws that explicitly permit syringe exchanges and Arizona isn't one of them. Shot in the Dark operates quietly, without public funding.
According to a new study published in the American Journal of Gastroenterology, for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), the optimal adherence to subcutaneous anti-TNF (tumour necrosis factor) treatment exceeds 85%, well above the 80% target in most clinical trials.
Researchers from Arizona State University and Norwegian University of Life Sciences have discovered that our very own gut bacteria may be perpetuating the resistance. Scientists uncovered this startling finding while investigating the microbial life in honey bee guts.The finding was published in the current issue of the journal Molecular Ecology.