All news from Anaesthesiology

Simulation Model finds Two Approaches to Prevent Violence

When communities and police work together to deter urban violence, they can achieve better outcomes with fewer resources than when each works in isolation, a simulation model created by researchers.?????The study is published online in journal Epidemiology, estimates the relative impact of two leading approaches to prevent violence: targeted policing, whereby police increase patrols in neighborhood violent hot spots, and a community-based strategy known as Cure Violence. They used "interrupters" and outreach workers to work with the friends and families of victims to identify, mediate and prevent further violence and retaliation.

Electronic nose to sniff out colon diseases

In much the same way as dogs can be trained to detect some diseases through their keen sense of smell, technology can help create electronic devices capable of performing this same task. This is precisely what a team of researchers from the Gandia campus of Valencia's Polytechnic University and the La Fe Health Investigation Institute has achieved, developing a prototype of an electronic nose that can distinguish between patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.

Neuroprotective approach to repair Multiple sclerosis -damaged nerves

UCLA researchers proposed that molecular mechanisms behind each disability in multiple sclerosis may differ, and that neuroprotective treatments tailored for each disability may be more effective than nonspecific treatments aiming to reduce a composite of different disabilities. The team focused on astrocytes, a type of brain cell that becomes activated in MS and plays several important roles in disease, examining gene expression in astrocytes in different regions. The study was appeared in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Neuro-ocular syndrome has raised in Space Flight

According to Researchers, they defined the cluster of “novel and unique physiologic and pathologic systemic and neuro-ocular responses recognized in astronauts during and after long-duration space flight,” known as space flight-associated neuro-ocular syndrome (SANS).  Astronauts experiences the changes to the visual system that raise concerns about the possibility of vision loss during future manned missions to Mars or other destinations. This was published in JAMA Ophthalmology.

Opioid Emergency was declared In Arizona

According to state data from 2016 in Arizona, resources were fighting  with the opioid epidemic. An average of two people died every day in Arizona from opioid-related overdoses. Deaths due to heroin more than tripled from 2012 to 2016. While many states have syringe exchanges, only some have laws that explicitly permit syringe exchanges and Arizona isn't one of them. Shot in the Dark operates quietly, without public funding.